How to Make It
Preheat oven to 425°F. Heat 2 tablespoons of vegetable oil over medium-high in a large skillet. Cook half of tortillas, flipping as they cook, until golden brown, about 3 minutes. Drain on paper towels. Add another tablespoon of oil and repeat with remaining tortillas. Set aside.
Add remaining tablespoon of oil to skillet. When oil is shimmering, add onion and garlic and cook until onion is translucent, about 5 minutes. Add salt, cumin, and chili powder and cook for another minute. Add ground beef and break apart with a spoon. Stir mixture until meat is browned and no pink remains, about 4 minutes. Add tomatoes, chiles, and black beans. Simmer until mixture thickens and most of the liquid has cooked off, about 10 minutes.
In a pie plate greased with cooking spray, layer half of the cooked tortilla halves on the bottom of the pie plate. Spread half of the meat mixture on top of the tortillas. Sprinkle the surface with 1/4 cup fresh cilantro. Cover the meat and cilantro with half of the queso fresco. Repeat layering with remaining tortillas, meat, cilantro, and cheese. Cover pie plate with aluminum foil and bake for 12 minutes.
Allow to cool slightly before serving and garnishing with sour cream, whole cilantro leaves, and a fresh squeeze of lime juice.