How to Make It
Preheat oven to 400°F. Place apples and 10 of the shallots in bottom of a roasting pan. Drizzle with 1 tablespoon of the oil, and sprinkle with 1/2 teaspoon each of the salt and pepper. Push apples and shallots to edges of roasting pan.
If applicable, remove giblets from chicken, and reserve for another use. Sprinkle 1/2 teaspoon each of the salt and pepper inside cavity of chicken. Place 3 of the thyme sprigs, 3 of the rosemary sprigs, 3 of the sage sprigs, and remaining 2 shallots inside cavity. Place chicken in center of roasting pan; tuck wings under. Brush chicken all over with remaining 1 tablespoon oil; sprinkle with remaining 1 1/2 teaspoons each salt and pepper. Tie legs together with kitchen twine.
Roast chicken in preheated oven until a thermometer inserted in thickest portion of meat registers 160°F, about 1 hour, 30 minutes. Remove from oven, and let rest 15 minutes.
Transfer chicken to a serving platter. Remove and discard kitchen twine, if desired. Sprinkle apples and shallots with chopped thyme, chopped rosemary, and chopped sage. Arrange apples and shallots on the platter around chicken, and spoon any pan drippings around chicken on platter.