Family: Verbenaceae | Genus: Verbena
type : Annuals, Perennials
sun exposure : Full Sun
water : Moderate Water
Plant Details

This large group includes some of the garden's most colorful, useful, and easy-to-grow plants. Most bear clusters of small, five- petaled, tubular blossoms from late spring until frost. Low verbenas make good ground covers and edging plants; they're also great in hanging baskets and containers or tumbling over rock walls. Use taller types in borders. Most thrive in heat and tolerate drought. Provide good air circulation and well-drained soil. Not favored by deer.

dakota verbena

verbena bipinnatifida

  • Perennial.
  • Zones US, MS, LS; USDA 6-8.
  • Native from Great Plains to Mexico.
  • Grows 815 inches high, 112 feet wide or wider, with blue flowers and finely divided leaves.
  • Spreads by self-sowing in most areas.

verbena bonariensis

  • Perennial in Zones MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 7-11; annual in Upper South (USDA 6).
  • Native to South America but naturalized in the southeastern U.S. Airy, branching stems to 36 feet carry purple flowers.
  • Leaves are mostly in a basal clump to 112 feet high and 1123 feet wide.
  • This plant has a see-through quality that makes it suited for foreground or back of border.
  • Self-sows freely.
  • Lollipop is a smaller, more compact plant 24 inches wide.

rose verbena

verbena canadensis

  • Perennial in Zones US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9, but usually treated as annual.
  • Native from Virginia to Florida, west to Colorado and Mexico.
  • To 112 feet high, 1123 feet wide, with rosy purple flowers.
  • There is a compact (6 inches-high) form suitable for rock gardens; white- and pink-flowering forms are also offered.
  • Greystone Daphne, to 68 inches tall and up to 112 feet wide, has dark green leaves and lavender-pink flowers; it thrives in Southern gardens.
  • When growing the species or its selections as perennials, provide good winter drainage; in the Upper South, cover with light winter mulch.

verbena gooddingii

  • Short-lived perennial.
  • Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11.
  • Native to the Southwest.
  • Grows to 112 feet high, spreading to about 3 feet wide.
  • Oval, deeply cut leaves.
  • Pinkish lavender flowers at ends of short spikes.
  • Will bloom first summer from seed sown in spring.
  • Can reseed where moisture is adequate.
  • Tolerates dry heat.

garden verbena

verbena x hybrida

  • Short-lived perennial grown as annual.
  • Zones US, MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 6-11.
  • Much-branched plant to 612 inches high, spreading 1123 feet wide.
  • Oblong, 2- to 4 inches., bright green or gray-green leaves with toothed margins.
  • Flowers come in flat, compact clusters to 3 inches wide; colors include white, pink, bright red, purple, blue, and combinations.
  • Superior strains include Romance (to 6 inches tall), Novalis (to 8 inches.), and Showtime (to 10 inches.).
  • All are colorful but prone to insect damage, particularly by thrips.

Verbena Hybrids

  • Perennials.
  • Zones MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 7-11.
  • Grow as annuals where not hardy.
  • Group of mostly low-growing, wide-spreading plants that love hot, dry weather and bloom all summer.

Batesville Rose

  • To 12 feet high, 3 feet wide.
  • Vivid magenta flowers.
  • Found in a road ditch in Batesville, Texas.

Blue Princess

  • To 1 feet high, 23 feet wide.
  • Fragrant lavender-blue blossoms; mildew-resistant leaves.

Homestead Purple

  • To 1 feet high, 4 feet wide.
  • Rich, deep purple blooms; mildew-resistant foliage.
  • Thrives in the South.
  • Discovered on old Georgia homestead.

Hot Lips

  • To 610 inches high, 23 feet wide.
  • Bright red-violet flower heads, with each tiny blossom shading to a darker color toward the center.


  • To 610 inches high, 23 feet wide.
  • Light lavender-blue flowers.

Pinwheel Princess

  • To 12 feet high, 23 feet wide.
  • Sport of 'Blue Princess'.
  • Lightly scented blossoms are striped in lavender and white; they look like little pinwheels.


  • To 8 inches high, 34 feet wide.
  • Coral-pink flowers.

Texas Appleblossom

  • To 6 inches high, 23 feet wide.
  • Flowers open cotton candy pink, then gradually fade to white.

Tie Dye

  • To 6 inches high, 23 feet wide.
  • Resembles 'Pinwheel Princess', but stripes are lavender, pink, and white.

verbena peruviana

  • Perennial in Zones CS, TS; USDA 9-11, but usually treated as an annual everywhere.
  • Native to South America.
  • Spreads rapidly, forming a flat mat to 2 feet wide.
  • Small, closely set leaves; flat-topped clusters of scarlet-and-white flowers on stems to 3 inches tall cover the foliage.
  • Verbena p.
  • Alba has pure white flowers.
  • Hybrids feature blossoms in white, pink, or red; they spread more slowly than the species and have slightly larger leaves and stouter stems.

verbena rigida

  • Perennial in Zones MS, LS, CS; USDA 7-9, or grow as annual anywhere.
  • Native to South America but naturalized in Southeast.
  • To 12 feet high, spreading to 34 feet wide.
  • Rough, strongly toothed, dark green leaves to 24 inches long.
  • Lilac to purple-blue flowers in cylindrical clusters on tall, stiff stems.
  • Blooms in four months from seed.
  • Polaris, a dense grower to 2 feet high, 1 feet wide, has pale porcelain-blue flowers.

verbena Superbena hybrids

  • Perennials in Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11, and grown as annuals in cooler zones.
  • Heat and disease tolerant.
  • Superbena hybrids have large flowers that make large clusters.
  • Growing 612 inches tall and trailing up to 48 inches wide, they are available in selections called 'Burgundy', 'Coral Red', 'Dark Blue', 'Large Lilac Blue', 'Pink Parfait', 'Pink Shades', 'Purple', 'Royale Chambray', 'Royale Iced Cherry', 'Royale Peachy Keen', 'Royale Plum Wine', 'Royale Silverdust', 'Royale Whitecap', and 'Violet Ice'.

verbena Tapien hybrids

  • Perennials in Zones CS, TS; USDA 9-11, annuals anywhere.
  • Prostrate plants to 4 inches high, 1112 feet wide, with finely cut, dark green leaves.
  • Wide range of colors, including pink, lavender, pale blue, deep purple, red.
  • Resistant to mildew.
  • Regular water.

verbena Temari hybrids

  • Perennials in Zones CS, TS; USDA 9-11, annuals anywhere.
  • Low, spreading plants to 3 inches high, 2123 feet wide.
  • Broad, dark green leaves.
  • Burgundy, bright pink, coral-pink, soft apricot and cream blend, lilac, violet, blue, red, or white flowers.
  • Regular water.

verbena tenera 'Sissinghurst' (Glandularia tenera 'Sissinghurst')

  • Perennial in Zones MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 7-11, annual anywhere.
  • Low grower to about 3 inches high and 34 feet wide, with deeply cut, dark green foliage and a profuse show of fragrant, coral-pink flowers.
  • Loves heat.

moss verbena

verbena tenuisecta

  • Short-lived perennial in Zones MS, LS, CS, TS (USDA 7-11), annual in Upper South (USDA 6).
  • Native to South America but naturalized in the Lower South.
  • To 812 inches high, with finely cut leaves.
  • Rose-violet to pink flowers.
  • Short lived.
  • Selections include white 'Alba', lavender-pink 'Edith', violet 'Michelle', violet-blue 'Imagination', and bright purple 'Decked Out'.

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