Slowly spreading rhizomes send up arching stems clothed in broadly oval leaves arranged in nearly horizontal planes. Where leaves join stems, pairs or clusters of small, bell-shaped greenish white flowers appear in spring, hanging beneath the stems on threadlike stalks. Small blue-black berries may follow flowers. Leaves and stems turn bright yellow in fall before plant dies to the ground. Attractive for form and flowers in woodland garden; good with astilbe, ferns, hellebore, hosta, wild ginger (Asarum). Grow in loose, woodsy soil. Can remain in place for years; to increase your plantings, dig rhizomes from clump edges in early spring, and replant. Good in containers. For false Solomon's Seal, see Smilacina.
- Zones US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9.
- Native to eastern North America.
- To 13 feet tall, 2 feet wide, with bright green leaves to 4 inches long and flowers usually in pairs or threes.
- A form sometimes sold as Polygonatum commutatum or Polygonatum canaliculatum is much more vigorous, growing 37 feet tall, 34 feet wide.
- It has leaves to 7 inches long and flowers in groups of two to ten.
dwarf solomon's seal
polygonatum falcatum 'Wedding Bells
- US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9.
- From Korea.
- Arching stems to 2 feet tall clothed in dangling white flowers tipped with green.
- Native to eastern Europe, western Asia.
- Dwarf species to just 46 inches tall, spreading to 20 inches wide.
- Erect, upright stems carry dark green, 1- to 3 inches-long leaves.
- In spring, diminutive white flowers are produced singly or in pairs along the length of the stems.
- Tom Thumb grows only 6 inches high.
fragrant solomon's seal
- Native to Europe, Asia.
- To 13 feet tall, 2 feet wide, with bright green, 4- to 6in.
- Flowers are fragrant, usually borne in pairs but sometimes borne singly.
- Drought tolerant; does well in dry shade.
- The leaves of 'Byakko' are marked with white near the red stems.
- Double Stuff has red stems and wide white margins on the leaves.
- Fireworks has leaves splashed and striped with white.
- Polygonatum o.
- pluriflorum 'Variegatum' has white-edged leaves; its stems are dark red until fully mature.