Family: Rosaceae
type : Evergreen, Shrubs
sun exposure : Full Sun, Partial Shade
water : Regular Water, Moderate Water, Drought Tolerant
planting zones : LS (Lower South) / Zone 8, CS (Coastal South) / Zone 9, TS (Tropical South) / Zone 10, TS (Tropical South) / Zone 11
Plant Details

These dependable shrubs are among the best plants for the beach (they tolerate wind and salt spray), but they have many other uses as well. Their glossy, leathery leaves and compact form make them good subjects for foundation plantings, berms, low hedges, and containers. They bloom profusely from fall or midwinter until late spring, with flowers ranging in color from white through pink to nearly red. Berrylike dark blue fruit (not especially showy) follows the blossoms. Emerging leaves are tinged bronze and red.

Most stay low. The taller kinds seldom reach more than 56 feet., and pruning can keep them at 3 feet almost indefinitely. For bushy, compact plants, pinch back branch tips at least once yearly, after flowering. Tolerate drought; need good drainage. Plants growing in partial shade are less compact and have fewer flowers than those growing in full sun.

indian hawthorn

rhaphiolepis x delacourii

  • Pink-flowered hybrid of Rhaphiolepis indica and Rhaphiolepis umbellata.
  • To 6 feet tall, 8 feet wide.
  • Small pink flowers in upright clusters.
  • Leaves are 12 inches long.
  • Georgia Petite grows 2 feet high, 3 feet wide, with pink buds opening to white flowers; 'Snowcap' grows 4 feet tall and wide.
  • Pink buds open to pale pink flowers that fade to white; foliage turns burgundy-red in winter.

rhaphiolepis indica

  • Native to China.
  • To 45 feet high, 56 feet wide, with 1- to 3 inches-long pointed leaves and inches flowers in white tinged with pink.
  • The species is seldom seen in gardens, but its selections are widely grown and sold.
  • They differ mainly in flower color and in plant size and form; there is variation even within a selection.
  • Flower color is especially inconsistent: In warmer climates and exposures, blossoms are usually lighter, and in general blooms are paler in fall than in spring.
  • In high-rainfall, high-humidity areas such as Florida and the Gulf Coast, the same fungal leaf spot disease that defoliates photinia can ravage this species.
  • In these regions, choose resistant selections such as 'Eskimo', 'Indian Princess', 'Olivia', 'Rosalinda', 'Snow Pink', and 'Snow White'; avoid susceptible ones like 'Enchantress', 'Fascination', 'Harbinger of Spring', 'Heather', 'Spring Rapture', 'Springtime', and 'White Enchantress'.

Selections include the following.

yeddo hawthorn


  • To 2 feet tall, 4 feet wide.
  • Deep rosy pink flowers.
  • Leaves take on a reddish tinge in winter.


  • To 35 feet tall and wide.
  • White flowers.
  • Red new growth.


  • Reaches 4 feet tall, 5 feet wide.
  • Pure pink flowers.


  • ('Pinkie').
  • To 3 feet tall, 5 feet wide, with rose-pink blooms.
  • White Enchantress has white blossoms.


  • To 6 feet tall, 8 feet wide.
  • Highly resistant to leaf spot; hardy to 5F.

Indian Princess

  • Up to 3 feet high, 5 feet wide.
  • Light pink flowers.
  • Resists leaf spot.

Jack Evans

  • To 45 feet high, 4 feet wide.
  • Bright pink flowers.
  • Leaves sometimes have a purplish tinge.


  • To 4 feet high, 2 feet wide.
  • Pure white flowers.
  • Resistant to leaf spot.


  • To 1214 feet high, 10 feet wide.
  • Pink flowers.
  • Vigorous, can be trained to a small tree.
  • Good disease resistance.

Snow Pink

  • Compact grower to 3 feet high and wide.
  • Pink flowers.
  • Resists leaf spot.

Snow White

  • To 34 feet high, 5 feet wide.
  • White flowers.
  • Spreading habit.
  • Resistant to leaf spot.

Spring Rapture

  • To 34 feet high and wide.
  • Rose-red blossoms.

Spring Sonata

  • To 45 feet tall and wide.
  • White flowers appear two to three weeks later than those of other selections.


  • Vigorous, upright; 46 feet tall and wide.
  • Deep pink flowers.

rhaphiolepis 'Majestic Beauty

  • Larger in every detail than the others.
  • Can be trained as a single- or multitrunked tree to 2025 feet tall, 810 feet wide; as a shrub, easily kept at 1012 feet tall, 68 feet wide.
  • Fragrant light pink flowers in clusters to 10 inches wide.
  • Leaves are 4 inches long.
  • Thought to be a hybrid between Rhaphiolepis and loquat (Eriobotrya).

rhaphiolepis umbellata

  • Native to Japan, Korea.
  • Vigorous grower to 46 feet (sometimes to 10 feet.) high and wide.
  • Distinguished from Rhaphiolepis indica by its leathery dark green, 1- to 3 inches-long, roundish leaves.
  • White, about inches-wide flowers.
  • Thick and bushy in full sun.
  • Minor ('Gulf Green') is a compact, slow-growing form to 34 feet high and wide.

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