Family: Arecaceae | Genus: SABAL
type : Trees
sun exposure : Full Sun, Partial Shade
water : Moderate Water
Plant Details

Sterling group of cold-hardy fan palms, unsurpassed for their versatility, adaptability, and ease of culture. They tolerate almost any soil and thrive in sun or light shade; they'll even take salt spray. Some have trunks, while others do not; all grow rather slowly. Tree types make excellent street, lawn, and shade trees; shrubby sorts are useful in understory plantings and naturalized areas. Mature plants bear large clusters of tiny flowers among the leaves, typically in summer.

puerto rican hat palm


sabal causiarum

  • Zones CS, TS; USDA 9-11.
  • Native to Puerto Rico.
  • Young leaves are collected and woven into hats, hence the plant's common name.
  • This is a stout, columnar tree that grows to 60ft.
  • tall and about 12 feet wide.
  • Distinguished from other species by its smooth, massive gray trunk, which can reach 4 feet in diameter.
  • Leaves to 6ft.
  • long, divided into 50 to 60 segments.
  • Unlike other palmettos, this one drops its dead leaves quickly, and the bases of old leaves shed from the trunk.
  • Hardy to 16F.

hispaniolan palmetto

sabal domingensis

  • Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11.
  • From the Caribbean.
  • Ultimately reaches 80 feet or taller, 20 feet wide, with immense green fans 9 feet across.
  • Hardy to 10F.

scrub palm

sabal etonia

  • Zones MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 7-11.
  • Shrubby palm native to the dry, sandy Florida scrub.
  • Usually trunkless; grows to 6 feet tall, 8 feet wide.
  • Resembles Sabal minor, but leaves are smaller, with more and thinner segments.
  • Hardy to 0F.

dwarf palmetto

sabal louisiana(Sabal 'Louisiana')

  • Zones MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 7-11.
  • Form resembles that of Sabal palmetto, but plants grow slowly to only 12 feet tall.
  • Blooms in late spring and early summer.
  • It produces fragrant flowers.
  • Sometimes offered as Sabal minor 'Louisiana'.

sabal mexicana(Sabal texana)

  • Zones CS, TS; USDA 9-11.
  • Native from Texas to Guatemala.
  • Leaf stems hang on trunk in early life, then drop to show attractive, slender trunk.
  • Grows 3050 feet high, 12 feet wide.
  • Established trees are hard to transplant.
  • Hardy to 18F.

sabal minor

  • Zones MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 7-11.
  • Shrubby palm native to the forest understory, scrublands, and alluvial floodplains of the Southeast.
  • Slow growing to 6 feet tall, 10 feet wide.
  • Usually trunkless; older specimens have a short, thick trunk.
  • Blue-green, fan-shaped leaves to 3 feet long; old leaves fold at base, hang down like closed umbrellas.
  • Tolerates wet or dry soils and salt spray.
  • One of the hardiest palms.
  • Seedlings collected in McCurtain County, Oklahoma, have survived temperatures of 24F.

cabbage palmetto

sabal palmetto

  • Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11.
  • Native to the hammocks, marshes, and Coastal Plains of the Southeast, from North Carolina to Florida.
  • Grows slowly to 90 feet., with a dense, globular, 12- to 18 feet-wide head formed by leaves 58 feet across.
  • Together with live oak (Quercus virginiana), cabbage palm helps define the urban character of Charleston, Savannah, and other coastal cities of the Old South.
  • Excellent street or lawn tree; best tree for the beach.
  • Tolerates wind, salt spray, and sand; can be planted right on dunes.
  • Very easy to transplant.
  • Huge, dormant specimens are often stacked up like cordwood, then trucked to new locations and plopped like telephone poles into deep, narrow holes.
  • Hardy to 10F.

sonoran palmetto

sabal uresana

  • Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11.
  • Highly ornamental, surprisingly hardy Mexican species, deserving of a spot in more gardens.
  • Straight-trunked tree grows to about 40 feet tall and reaches 10 feet across.
  • Impressive leaves to 6 feet long, in a striking silvery blue.
  • Hardy to 10F.

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