These perennials spread by creeping rhizomes to form dense colonies. Need rich, loose, moist, slightly acid soil. Good for naturalizing in wild garden; commonly seen in moist woods and roadside ditches. The fruit is favored by wildlife. Formerly called Smilacina.
false solomon's seal, false spikenard
- Native to woods throughout much of North America.
- Grows 13 feet tall.
- Each arching stalk has several 3- to 6 inches-long leaves with hairy undersides; foliage is medium green, turning golden yellow in autumn.
- In spring, stalks are topped by fluffy, conical clusters of small, fragrant, creamy white flowers.
- Red autumn berries have purple spots.
- Resembles true Solomon's seal (Polygonatum).
starflower, starry solomon's seal
- Native to Virginia, north to Newfoundland and west to Kansas and California.
- Grows 12 12 feet tall.
- Stems erect or somewhat spreading.
- Light green, 6 inches leaves are folded lengthwise, or channeled, and clasp the stem.
- Creamy white spring flowers smaller than those of Maianthemum racemosa.
- Berries are green with black stripes, maturing to deep red or dark blue.