Family: Onagraceae | Genus: OENOTHERA
type : Annuals, Perennials, Biennials
sun exposure : Full Sun, Partial Shade
water : Drought Tolerant, Moderate Water
Plant Details

Valued for showy, four-petaled, silky flowers in bright yellow, pink, or white. Some types display their blossoms during the day, but others open in late afternoon and close the following morning. Flowers of some are fragrant. Plants succeed in tough, rough places. Resist deer.

evening primrose


oenothera biennis

  • Annual or biennial.
  • Zones US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9.
  • Variable in size, ranging from 1 feet to 4 feet or even as much as 6 feet tall.
  • Best grown in meadows, as it is usually weedy, reseeds, and can be invasive.
  • Fragrant yellow blossoms open in the evening; they are yellow at first, then fade to gold.
  • Japanese beetles are particularly fond of this species.

beach evening primrose

oenothera drummondii

  • Perennial.
  • Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11.
  • Native to the Coastal South and Mexico.
  • Evening-blooming plant that forms a foliage mat 5 inches high and 4 feet wide; prostrate stems root along the ground, forming offset plants.
  • Narrow, dark green leaves to 212 inches long.
  • Yellow, 212 inches flowers rise on individual stems 68 inches above foliage.
  • Blooms most heavily in spring, sporadically throughout the rest of the year.
  • Endures heat and drought but does better with occasional water.


oenothera fruticosa

  • Perennial or biennial.
  • Zones US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9.
  • Native to eastern U.S. Erect growth to 2 feet high and wide.
  • Branching reddish stems are set with medium green, lance-shaped leaves to 412 inches long; leaves turn dull red with frost.
  • From late spring through summer, bears clusters of 1- to 2 inches-wide, deep yellow flowers that open in daytime.
  • Fireworks ('Fyrverkeri') has red flower buds and leaves tinted purplish brown.
  • Foliage of Oenothera f.
  • glauca 'Summer Solstice' ('Sonnenwende') turns bright red in summer, darkens to burgundy in fall.
  • Oenothera f.
  • g.
  • (O.
  • tetragona) has light yellow flowers and red stems; its leaves (red-tinted when young) are broader than those of the species.

showy evening primrose

oenothera 'Lemon Drop

  • Perennial.
  • Zones US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9.
  • This showy hybrid blooms yellow in the daytime through hot, dry summers, growing 812 inches tall and wide.
  • Use on the front edge of a flower bed, in a mixed container, or as a blooming ground cover.

oenothera longifolia 'Lemon Sunset

  • Perennial.
  • Zones US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9.
  • Grows 24 feet tall and 13 feet wide.
  • Fragrant, 4 inches flowers in summer, opening soft yellow in the evening and fading to coral the next day.
  • Can spread underground to form a clump.
  • Tolerates heat and drought.

oenothera macrocarpa(Oenothera missouriensis)

  • Perennial.
  • Zones US, MS, LS; USDA 6-8.
  • Native to south-central U.S. To 6 inches tall and 2 feet wide, with narrow, medium green, lance-shaped leaves to 3 inches long.
  • Late spring to early fall, bears pure yellow, 4 inches flowers that remain open all day.
  • Large winged seedpods follow the flowers.
  • Good in rock gardens.
  • Give partial shade in hottest climates.
  • Oenothera m.
  • incana 'Silver Blade' has silvery blue leaves.

oenothera speciosa

  • Perennial.
  • Zones US, MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 6-11.
  • Native to southwestern U.S. and Mexico.
  • An old favorite in the South.
  • To 1 feet high and 3 feet or more wide, spreading quickly by rhizomes.
  • Forms rosettes of medium green, narrow, 1- to 3 inches-long leaves.
  • Fragrant, 2 inches flowers are white to pinkish, aging to pink; despite plant's common name, they open during the day.
  • Blooms from spring or early summer into fall, then stems die back.
  • Good ground cover for dry slopes or parking strips but is aggressive and invasive.
  • Selections include pure white form 'Alba', light pink 'Rosea', pink 'Siskiyou', and 'Woodside White' (white blossoms with a chartreuse eye).

Search by Plant Name