The Best Egg Substitutes For Baking

No eggs? No problem.

eggs in a carton
Photo: Caitlin Bensel; Food Styling: Torie Cox

So you've run out of eggs. There's no time to go to the grocery store. Now what?

Or maybe you need to make a dessert for someone with an egg allergy, or a vegan baked good for a potluck. Eggs are also more expensive than ever, and using a substitute could help bring down your grocery bill. There are a lot of reasons why you might need a substitute for eggs while baking, but not all replacements are created equal.

Depending on what you're making, from meringue to brownies, it's important to substitute eggs wisely in baking, as they serve many important roles, from acting as a binder to leavening baked goods. You'll want to ensure you're adding the right amount of substitute too: While a large egg is about 1/4 cup in volume, not all replacements are a one-to-one swap.

Here's our guide on how to substitute for eggs when baking, whether you're in a pinch or purposely looking to bake without them.

What Are The Best Egg Substitutes For Baking?

The right egg substitute for your baking purposes will depend on what you're making and what the texture will be in the end. This list of egg substitutes will help you sort out what you should grab if eggs are out of the question.

Fruit Purees

Some fruit purees, like applesauce or canned pumpkin, can be substituted for eggs. Even that overripe banana hanging out on the counter can be mashed and used as an egg substitute.

Fruit purees bind batters, add moisture, but don't leaven baked goods like eggs do, meaning substitutions must be done carefully to avoid a dense dessert. Fruit purees are best used for denser baked goods, like doughnuts, quick breads, and muffins, although they can also work in some cakes, just not cakes mostly leavened by eggs, like sponge cakes.


Applesauce is a great neutral egg replacement, meaning you won't taste any apple in the final product.

When subbing in applesauce for eggs, use ¼ cup for every egg your recipe calls for, and add an additional ½ teaspoon of baking powder to the dry ingredients. You'll need the additional baking powder to prevent the final baked good from being too dense.

Mashed Banana

Bananas are great for adding moisture to baked goods, but one mashed banana can also replace one egg in cakes, muffins, or pancakes.

There are a couple things to keep in mind if replacing eggs with banana. First, the banana must be very ripe to easily mash into a paste and not leave chunks. Second, it will impart some banana flavor in the final product, so it's not suitable as a substitution in all baked goods.

Pumpkin or Sweet Potato Puree

Canned pumpkin is good for more than just pie. Both pureed pumpkin and sweet potato are good egg substitutes in muffins, doughnuts, and quick breads. These purees act as both a binder while keeping baked goods moist.

Just like applesauce, use 1/4 cup of puree per egg you're replacing.

instant pot apple sauce
Jennifer Causey

Dairy Substitutes For Eggs

While not suitable for vegan recipes, some dairy products can be used in place of an egg in baking and are great for emergency last-minute swaps.


Plain yogurt is an excellent swap for eggs in brownies. For every egg called for, swap in 1/4 cup yogurt.

Since brownies are chewy and dense by design, you don't have to worry about adding in extra baking powder or baking soda to counter the fact that yogurt won't help with leavening.


Buttermilk is a great egg replacement in cakes and also brownies. You'll similarly want to replace each egg with about 1/4 cup of buttermilk.

Only use buttermilk as an egg replacement in cakes that already have a leavening agent in them, as cakes that get all or most of their rise from eggs, won't rise with just buttermilk.

Condensed Milk

While this substitution won't work for everything, condensed milk can act as a binding agent or emulsifier in certain baked goods. "The milk solids and proteins in the condensed milk can help with binding as they are natural emulsifiers. However, it will most certainly increase the sweetness of product so adjusting for that is needed," says Mark Traynor, Associate Professor and Director of Culinary Science at the Horst Schulze School of Hospitality Management at Auburn University.

Aside from emulsifying batters, condensed milk can also help with the structure of baked goods. "Eggs also provide volume and structure in baked goods, they coagulate and denature, condensed milk would also provide this," says Traynor.

Other Substitutes For Eggs

Plant-based cooks and food creatives have found a slew of other egg replacements. Here's a list of egg substitutes you might not have considered, but definitely should.

Flax or Chia Seeds

You may have heard the term "flax egg," which is shorthand for subbing an egg with flaxseed meal mixed with water.

One egg equals one tablespoon of flaxseed meal (you can also grind whole flaxseeds yourself in a coffee grinder); mix with three tablespoons of water. Then, let the mixture sit for 10 minutes to thicken before adding it to the recipe.

Chia seeds act similarly, congealing when mixed with water and use the same water ratio, too. Both are great thickeners and help add structure to egg-less baked goods, but much like applesauce can make baked goods dense.

Silken Tofu

Tofu might seem like an odd substitute for an egg, but stay with us. Silken tofu is the softest kind of tofu, which when blended turns into a smooth puree that can be used as a neutral egg replacement. It's a great binder in baked goods, and about 1/4 cup of it is all that's needed to replace one egg.


You're probably already familiar with this egg white replacement—it's the liquid in canned chickpeas. It can whip up into peaks just like egg whites, making it perfect for meringues. Use about two tablespoons of aquafaba per egg white.

Basic Meringue Recipe
Antonis Achilleos; Food Styling: Rishon Hanners; Prop Styling: Audrey Davis


Cornstarch, potato starch, arrowroot powder, and tapioca starch can all be used as egg replacements when whisked with water into a smooth paste. For one egg, use two tablespoons of your desired starch mixed with three tablespoons of water. This substitution is best used in enriched cakes and bread, but can act as a thickening agent in custards, too.

Nut Butters

Creamy (not chunky, unless you want nut pieces in the final product) nut butters can be used to replace eggs too. Three tablespoons of peanut, almond, or any other nut butter can be used to replace an egg, but nut butters will impart their flavor in baked goods. We suggest using this swap in cookies, pancakes, and brownies where you think the flavor will complement the dessert.

Use nut butters in quick breads and other moist batters for best results. "Nut butters would serve well as emulsifying agents in baked goods that start off as batters (like sponge batters etc.), however, in drier batters and mixtures they would make it more dense. Also, you would lose the color that egg yolks can provide to doughs and batters," said Traynor.

Commercial Replacements

You can always start keeping shelf-stable egg replacement on hand, especially if you don't feel comfortable experimenting with substitutions in your baking. Bob's Red Mill and Ener-G make commercial egg replacements available at most grocery stores. These products are a combination of starches, a leavening agent, and psyllium husk fiber (a gluten-free plant fiber that aids in thickening). Each brand provides guidelines on how to use their product in various baked goods.

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