WAKE ROBIN

FAMILY: Melanthiaceae | GENUS: TRILLIUM

TYPE
  • Perennials
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Partial Shade
  • Full Shade
WATER
  • Regular Water
PLANTING ZONES
  • US (Upper South) / Zone 6
  • MS (Middle South) / Zone 7
  • LS (Lower South) / Zone 8

Plant Details

If you asked folks to name their favorite wildflowers, these charming woodland plants would rank high on many lists. They bloom in early spring and need some winter chill. Each stem is topped with a whorl of three leaves; from center of these rises a single flower with three petals. Plant the thick, deep-growing, fleshy rhizomes in a shady, woodsy site. Left undisturbed, they will gradually increase. Plants die to the ground in mid- to late summer. In addition to species listed below, many others are offered by specialists in native plants. Browsing deer often pass trilliums by.

catesby trillium

trillium catesbaei

  • From the southeastern U.S. Resembles Trillium grandiflorum but has pink flowers.

sweet betsy

trillium cuneatum

  • Native to Southeast.
  • Reaches 112 feet high, 1 feet wide, with gray-mottled leaves and a banana-scented flower.

chatahoochee trillium

trillium decipiens

  • Zones MS, LS, CS; USDA 7-9.
  • From Alabama, Georgia, and Florida.
  • To 618 inches high, 4 inches wide.
  • Mottled green leaves with pale centers, to 7 inches long.
  • Greenish flowers, sometimes with purplish tints.
  • Takes limy soils.

purple tril- lium

trillium erectum

  • From eastern North America.
  • Grows to 2 feet high, 1 feet wide, with 7 inches leaves and 2 inches., erect, brownish purple flowers.
  • Sometimes known by the name stinking Benjamin due to the odd odor of its flowers.
  • Trillium e.
  • albiflorum has white or pale pink flowers.

white trillium

trillium grandiflorum

  • From eastern North America.
  • The showiest trillium.
  • To 112 feet tall, 1 feet wide, with stout stems and 212- to 6 inches-long leaves.
  • Nearly stalkless flowers are nodding, to 3 inches across, white aging to rose.
  • Several choice double-flowered forms are available, including 'Flore Pleno' and 'Snowbunting'.

yellow trillium

trillium luteum

  • Native primarily to the Southeast and midsouth.
  • Grows 1215 inches high and wide, with 6 inches-long, medium green leaves mottled with pale green.
  • Canary-yellow flowers, with petals up to 312 inches long, are held upright; their fragrance is lemony and sweet.

prairie trillium, bloody butcher

trillium recurvatum

  • Native to eastern U.S. To 15 inches high, 1 feet wide.
  • Leaves to 3 inches long, spotted in reddish purple; purple-brown flowers.

toadshade

trillium sessile

  • From northeastern U.S. Grows 1 feet high, 8 inches wide, with purple-spotted, 5 inches-long leaves and dark purplish red flowers.

underwood's trillium

trillium underwoodii

  • Zones US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9.
  • Native to southeast U.S. To 8 inches tall, not quite as wide.
  • Dark purple flowers contrast nicely with the beautiful foliage: 2- to 4 inches-long leaves mottled in light and dark green, with an irregular silver streak running down the center.

painted trillium

trillium undulatum

  • Zones US, MS; USDA 6-7.
  • From eastern U.S. To 112 feet high, 6 inches wide, with 6 inches leaves and upright, somewhat nodding, 112 inches white flowers marked reddish purple near petal bases.
  • Not easy to grow; needs cool conditions and acid soil.

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