TOADFLAX

FAMILY: Plantaginaceae | GENUS: LINARIA

TYPE
  • Annuals
  • Perennials
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Full Sun
  • Partial Shade
WATER
  • Moderate Water
PLANTING ZONES
  • US (Upper South) / Zone 6
  • MS (Middle South) / Zone 7
  • LS (Lower South) / Zone 8
  • CS (Coastal South) / Zone 9

Plant Details

Brightly colored flowers resemble small, spurred snapdragons (Antirrhinum majus). Easy to grow; thrive in light or sandy soil. Look best when planted in masses, as individual plants are rather wispy. Toadflaxes are not usually browsed by deer.

linaria hybrids

  • Annuals.
  • The Fantasy series produces compact plants to 1 feet high, 68 inches wide, with very narrow, bluish green leaves.
  • Clusters of - to 1 inches flowers appear in spring and summer, come in blue with yellow throat, magenta, pink, yellow, and white.
  • Enchantment has very fragrant magenta-and-gold flowers on plants to 16 inches high.

baby snapdragon, toadflax

linaria maroccana

  • Annual.
  • From Morocco.
  • To 12 feet high, 6 inches wide.
  • Light green, narrow leaves to 1 inches long.
  • Summer flowers to inches long, in rose, pink, mauve, chamois, blue, violet, purple, or a red-and-gold combination; all are blotched with a different shade on the lip.
  • Spur is longer than flower.
  • Fairy Bouquet strain is only 9 inches tall and has larger flowers in pastel colors.
  • Northern Lights strain features shades of red, orange, and yellow, as well as bicolors.

Seed baby snapdragon in quantity for a show. It performs best during cool weather. Where winters are cold, sow in early spring after danger of frost is past, then again in late summer; in mild-winter areas, sow in late summer for fall bloom, then again in autumn for winter flowers.

purple toadflax

linaria purpurea

  • Perennial.
  • From southern Europe.
  • Narrow, bushy, erect plant to 24 feet tall, 10 inches wide.
  • Blue-green, very narrow leaves; violet-blue, inches summer flowers.
  • Canon Went is a pink form.
  • Short lived in hot, humid regions, but volunteer seedlings ensure a continuing supply.

linaria reticulata

  • Annual.
  • From Portugal and North Africa.
  • To 24 feet tall, 10 inches wide, with very narrow, bluish green leaves and showers of small purple-and-orange flowers in late spring and summer.
  • Flamenco (11 feet high) has yellow flowers with a conspicuous maroon blotch.
  • Flaming Passion (16 inches high, 8 inches wide) has red flowers with yellow centers.

common toadflax, butter-and-eggs

linaria vulgaris

  • Perennial.
  • From Europe and Asia; naturalized in North America.
  • Stiffly erect habit to 13 feet high, 1 feet wide.
  • Narrow, pale green leaves to 2 inches long; pale yellow blossoms to 1 inches wide from spring into fall.
  • Invasive, weedy plant; unleash it in a cottage garden, where you are more likely to appreciate its propensity to spread by rhizomes and self-sow.

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