STEWARTIA

FAMILY: Theaceae

TYPE
  • Deciduous
  • Shrubs
  • Trees
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Partial Shade
WATER
  • Regular Water

Plant Details

These slow-growing plants are all-season performers that show off fresh green leaves in spring, white flowers resembling single camellias in summer, and colorful foliage in fall. Winter reveals a distinctive pattern of bare branches and smooth bark that flakes off in varying degrees, depending on species. All grow best in well-drained, acid soil with lots of organic matter. Good in woodland gardens and as foreground specimens against a backdrop of larger, darker-leafed trees.

silky stewartia

stewartia malacodendron

  • Shrub or small tree.
  • Zones MS, LS, CS; USDA 7-9.
  • Native to the Southeast.
  • Heat-tolerant plant to 1015 feet tall and wide.
  • Young shoots and leaf undersides are downy textured.
  • Leaves grow 24 inches long; flowers are 312 inches wide and feature purple stamens with blue anthers.
  • Bark is not as showy as that of other species.

tall stewartia

stewartia monadelpha

  • Tree.
  • Zones US, MS, LS; USDA 6-8.
  • From Korea, Japan.
  • To 25 feet tall, 20 feet wide, with slender, upward-angled branches.
  • Leaves are 1123 inches long; brilliant red in fall.
  • Flowers to 112 inches wide.
  • Smooth, cinnamon-brown bark.
  • Heat tolerant and easy to grow.

mountain camellia

stewartia ovata

  • Shrub or small tree.
  • Zones US, MS, LS; USDA 6-8.
  • From the Southeast.
  • To 1015 feet tall and wide.
  • Leaves grow 25 inches long, turn orange to scarlet in fall; 3 inches-wide flowers have frilled petals.
  • Bark is not as handsome as that of other species.
  • Stewartia o.
  • grandiflora has 4 inches flowers with lavender anthers; it will bloom even as a young plant.

japanese stewartia

stewartia pseudocamellia

  • Tree.
  • Zones US, MS; USDA 6-7.
  • Native to Japan and Korea.
  • Forms a pyramid that may reach 3040 feet tall, 2025 feet wide after many years.
  • Leaves to 2123 inches long; bronze to purple fall color.
  • Cup-shaped flowers 212 inches wide have orange anthers.
  • Very showy bark: It flakes off to reveal a patchwork of green, gray, brown, rust, terra-cotta, and cream.
  • Two good selections are 'Ballet', with flowers nearly 4 inches wide, and 'Milk and Honey', an especially profuse bloomer with brighter-colored bark.
  • Members of Koreana Group (S.
  • koreana, Stewartia pseudocamellia koreana) have orange to red-orange fall color and 3 inches-wide flowers that open out flatter than those of the species.
  • All of these need cool, moist soil.
  • They suffer badly from leaf scorch if planted in hot, dry areas.

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