SPIDER LILY, PERUVIAN DAFFODIL

FAMILY: Amaryllidaceae | GENUS: HYMENOCALLIS

TYPE
  • Bulbs
  • Perennials
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Full Sun
  • Partial Shade
WATER
  • Regular Water
SPECIAL FEATURES
  • Poisonous/Toxic

Plant Details

Stems rising from leafy clumps bear very fragrant flowers in summer; blooms resemble daffodils in having a center cup, but cup is surrounded by six slender, spidery segments. Deciduous species maintain foliage throughout summer if watered, then die back in fall. Plant in rich, well-drained soilin late fall or early winter in frostless areas, after frosts in other areas. Set bulbs with tips 1 inches below surface; space 1 feet apart. Deciduous sorts can be dug after foliage has yellowed (do not cut off fleshy roots), dried in an inverted position, and stored in open trays in a cool, dark, dry place. These are pest-free plants; deer, squirrels, and voles won't eat them.

southern spider lily

hymenocallis caroliniana

  • Deciduous.
  • Zones US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9.
  • Native to swampy woodlands of Georgia, Indiana, and Louisiana.
  • Each bulb produces as many as 12 deep green leaves 112 feet long, 12 inches wide.
  • White flowers to 5 inches across appear in spring and summer, in clusters of two to seven.
  • Multiplies rapidly.

shoals spider lily, cahaba lily

hymenocallis coronaria

  • Deciduous.
  • Zones MS, LS; USDA 7-8.
  • Rare species found in a few rocky shoals of rivers in Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina.
  • Straplike leaves up to 3 feet long rise above water from bulbs anchored in soil between rocks.
  • Groups of six to nine fragrant white flowers with yellowish centers, to 2 inches across, appear atop 3 feet stalks from mid-May to early June.
  • Each flower lasts one day.
  • Species endangered by degradation of habitat due to sedimentation; do not collect plants from the wild.

hymenocallis eulae(Hymenocallis galvestonensis)

  • Deciduous.
  • Zones MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 7-11.
  • Native to Texas and Louisiana.
  • Blue-green foliage appears in late winter, disappears in spring.
  • Flower stems to 20 inches high emerge in midsummer, bearing clusters of six to nine white flowers, each about 5 inches across.

hymenocallis x festalis (Ismene x festalis)

  • Deciduous.
  • Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11.
  • A hybrid of two Peruvian species.
  • Mid-green leaves can reach 3 feet long.
  • Erect stems hold clusters of 25 fragrant white flowers, each up to 6 inches across.
  • Zwanenburg has larger, fuller flowers with scalloped cups.

CAYMAN ISLANDS, SPIDER LILY

hymenocallis latifolia(Hymenocallis keyensis)

  • Evergreen.
  • Zone TS; USDA 10-11.
  • Native to southern Florida and the West Indies.
  • Clusters of 10 to 16 white flowers, each consisting of a 3 inches cup outlined by spidery segments to 5 inches long.

texas spider lily

hymenocallis liriosme

  • Deciduous.
  • Zones MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 7-11.
  • Native from Alabama to Texas.
  • White, exceedingly fragrant flowers to 8 inches across are held in clusters of 8 to 10.
  • Likes wet soil.

maximilian's spider lily

hymenocallis maximiliani

  • Deciduous.
  • Zones MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 7-11.
  • From Mexico.
  • Dense clump of slender, glossy green leaves.
  • Each stem bears a cluster of several 6 inches., spidery, white flowers in early summer.

basket flower, peruvian daffodil

hymenocallis narcissiflora (Ismene calathina)

  • Deciduous.
  • Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11.
  • Leaves 1122 feet long, 12 inches wide.
  • White, green-striped flowers to 4 inches across are held in clusters of two to five.
  • Advance, a hybrid with Hymenocallis x festalis, has pure white flowers, faintly lined with yellowish green in the throat.

hymenocallis 'Sulphur Queen

  • Deciduous.
  • Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11.
  • Primroselike yellow flowers, to 6 inches across, with light yellow, green-striped throats; up to six per cluster.
  • Sweetly fragrant.
  • Leaves are much like those of Hymenocallis narcissiflora.

hymenocallis 'Tropical Giant

  • Deciduous.
  • Zones MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 7-11.
  • Reliable old garden hybrid often found on abandoned properties in the South.
  • Excellent foliage plant, its glossy green leaves forming an impressive clump in the boggy conditions it prefers.
  • Blooms in midsummer, bearing small-cupped, white flowers to 6 inches across on 2- to 3 feet stems.
  • Good in containers.

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