SOLOMON’S SEAL

FAMILY: Asparagaceae | GENUS: POLYGONATUM

TYPE
  • Perennials
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Partial Shade
  • Full Shade
WATER
  • Regular Water
PLANTING ZONES
  • US (Upper South) / Zone 6
  • MS (Middle South) / Zone 7
  • LS (Lower South) / Zone 8

Plant Details

Slowly spreading rhizomes send up arching stems clothed in broadly oval leaves arranged in nearly horizontal planes. Where leaves join stems, pairs or clusters of small, bell-shaped greenish white flowers appear in spring, hanging beneath the stems on threadlike stalks. Small blue-black berries may follow flowers. Leaves and stems turn bright yellow in fall before plant dies to the ground. Attractive for form and flowers in woodland garden; good with astilbe, ferns, hellebore, hosta, wild ginger (Asarum). Grow in loose, woodsy soil. Can remain in place for years; to increase your plantings, dig rhizomes from clump edges in early spring, and replant. Good in containers. For false Solomon's Seal, see Smilacina.

solomon's seal

polygonatum biflorum

  • Zones US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9.
  • Native to eastern North America.
  • To 13 feet tall, 2 feet wide, with bright green leaves to 4 inches long and flowers usually in pairs or threes.
  • A form sometimes sold as Polygonatum commutatum or Polygonatum canaliculatum is much more vigorous, growing 37 feet tall, 34 feet wide.
  • It has leaves to 7 inches long and flowers in groups of two to ten.

dwarf solomon's seal

polygonatum falcatum 'Wedding Bells

  • US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9.
  • From Korea.
  • Arching stems to 2 feet tall clothed in dangling white flowers tipped with green.

polygonatum humile

  • Native to eastern Europe, western Asia.
  • Dwarf species to just 46 inches tall, spreading to 20 inches wide.
  • Erect, upright stems carry dark green, 1- to 3 inches-long leaves.
  • In spring, diminutive white flowers are produced singly or in pairs along the length of the stems.
  • Tom Thumb grows only 6 inches high.

fragrant solomon's seal

polygonatum odoratum

  • Native to Europe, Asia.
  • To 13 feet tall, 2 feet wide, with bright green, 4- to 6in.
  • leaves.
  • Flowers are fragrant, usually borne in pairs but sometimes borne singly.
  • Drought tolerant; does well in dry shade.
  • The leaves of 'Byakko' are marked with white near the red stems.
  • Double Stuff has red stems and wide white margins on the leaves.
  • Fireworks has leaves splashed and striped with white.
  • Polygonatum o.
  • pluriflorum 'Variegatum' has white-edged leaves; its stems are dark red until fully mature.

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