The quintessential seaside plants: tolerant of wind, sand, and salt, though tender to frost. Useful for windbreaks. Thick, often picturesquely twisted trunk and branches. New leaves reddish or coppery, mature ones glossy green with reddish veins. Small white owers are followed by clusters of greenish fruits that turn purple when ripe; they can be made into jelly. Shape plant by pruning just before new growth emerges. Small plants in containers can be used for bonsai.
C. diversifolia (C. laurifolia). PIGEON PLUM. Native to southern Florida and the Caribbean. Can reach 30 ft. high and wide. Similar to C. uvifera but with shorter ower clusters, smaller fruits, and 2- to 4-in. oval leaves.
C. uvifera. SEA GRAPE. From the tropical Americas. Can grow to 30 ft. high and wide but is usually kept much smaller. Nearly round leaves to 8 in. wide. Fragrant flowers in foot-long clusters; fruits 34 in. wide. Will grow right on the dunes.