PINEAPPLE lily

FAMILY: Asparagaceae | GENUS: EUCOMIS

TYPE
  • Bulbs
  • Perennials
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Full Sun
  • Partial Shade
WATER
  • Regular Water
PLANTING ZONES
  • MS (Middle South) / Zone 7
  • LS (Lower South) / Zone 8
  • CS (Coastal South) / Zone 9
  • TS (Tropical South) / Zone 10
  • TS (Tropical South) / Zone 11

Plant Details

It's easy to see how these unusual plants from southern Africa got their common namethe summertime spikes of tiny, closely packed, star-shaped blossoms are topped with leaflike bracts resembling those of a pineapple. They make striking cut flowers. Purplish seed capsules follow the flowers, keeping the show going even longer. Leaves are coarse and straplike, emerging from large bulbs to form a basal rosette. Plants go dormant in winter. Not browsed by deer.

eucomis bicolor

  • Spikes to 2 feet tall; green flowers with purple-edged petals.
  • Attractive, wavy-edged light green leaves to 1 feet long, 34 inches wide.

eucomis comosa

  • Thick spikes 23 feet tall are set with greenish white flowers tinged pink or purple.
  • Stems are spotted purple at the base.
  • Light green leaves grow to 2 feet long and are less wavy than those of Eucomis bicolor.
  • Sparkling Burgundy grows to 1122 feet tall.
  • Foliage emerges deep burgundy, then slowly fades to olive-green as weather warms.
  • Flower spikes to 20 inches tall are set with creamy white blossoms tinged pink and purple.
  • Flowers are followed by a new crop of burgundy leaves.

eucomis 'Dark Star

  • Dark purple foliage gives the plant its name.
  • Flowers are pink up to 10 inches tall.

eucomis Mini Tuft series

  • Growing just 10 inches tall and 15 inches wide, these pineapple lilies bloom in shades of soft to vivid pink.

eucomis 'Oakhurst

  • This glossy, burgundy foliage crowned with a cluster of pink flowers makes it a drama plant.

eucomis 'Twinkle Stars

  • Two-foot tall spikes of dark purple buds open into light purple flowers atop 16 inches clumps of green leaves.

Plant bulbs 5 inches deep and 8 inches apart in well-drained, humus- rich soil in fallor start plants from seed in spring. Bulbs are hardy to about 5F; where temperatures dip lower, mulch plantings heavily in late fall, or dig and store bulbs over winter. Divide clumps when they become crowded (every 5 or 6 years). Pineapple lilies can also be grown as houseplants beside a bright (south- or west-facing) window; while they are actively growing, give plenty of water and feed monthly with a general- purpose liquid houseplant fertilizer.

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