NICOTIANA

FAMILY: Solanaceae

TYPE
  • Annuals
  • Perennials
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Full Sun
  • Partial Shade
WATER
  • Regular Water
PLANTING ZONES
  • US (Upper South) / Zone 6
  • MS (Middle South) / Zone 7
  • LS (Lower South) / Zone 8
  • CS (Coastal South) / Zone 9
  • TS (Tropical South) / Zone 10
  • TS (Tropical South) / Zone 11
SPECIAL FEATURES
  • Poisonous/Toxic

Plant Details

Tender perennials from South America. All are grown as annuals, but they may live over in the Coastal and Tropical South. Upright-growing plants with soft, oval, often quite large leaves; both foliage and stems are slightly sticky. Flowersvery fragrant in some speciesare tubular, typically flaring at the mouth into five pointed lobes; they appear near tops of branching stems in summer. They usually open at night or on cloudy days, though some kinds open during the day. Some nicotianas reseed readily.

flowering tobacco

nicotiana alata

  • Wild species (for which seed is available) grows 24 feet tall (possibly to 6 feet under ideal conditions), 1 feet wide.
  • Leaves to 10 inches long.
  • Bears large, intensely fragrant, white flowers that open toward evening.
  • Selection and hybridization with other species have produced many garden strains that stay open day and night and come in colors, including white, pink shades, red, and lime-green, but their perfume is not as strong as that of the unimproved species.
  • If scent (especially during evening) is important to you, plant 3 feet-high 'Grandiflora'.

nicotiana langsdorffii

  • To 5 feet tall, 112 feet wide.
  • Leaves to 10 inches long.
  • Branching stems are hung with drooping sprays of bell-shaped, bright green flowers about 2 inches long.
  • Unusual blossom color blends well with blues, yellows in flower border.
  • No noticeable scent.

nicotiana x sanderae

  • Many of the newer hybrids, such as the Perfume series (to 20 inches high), have nice fragrance.
  • Perfume Deep Purple has been a standout.
  • Domino strain grows to 1215 inches high and has upward-facing flowers that take heat and sun better than taller kinds.
  • Nicki strain is taller, to 1518 inches The older Sensation strain is taller still (to 4 feet.) and looks more at home in informal mixed borders than as a bedding plant.
  • Avalon Bright Pink is very compact, rarely exceeding 15 inches high, 1 feet wide.
  • Inch-long leaves are virtually hidden by a profusion of star-shaped, 112 inches flowers in bright pink.
  • Quite heat tolerant; good in containers.
  • The Starmaker series, growing 1012 inches tall, is led by 'Lime/Purple Bi-color'.

flowering tobacco

nicotiana sylvestris

  • To 5 feet tall, 2 feet wide, with leaves that can reach 12 feet long.
  • Intensely fragrant, 312 inches-long, tubular white flowers are borne in tiers atop a statuesque plant.
  • Striking in a night garden.
  • Only the Lonely shows great flower power and heat tolerance from mid-spring into summer.

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