MONARDA

FAMILY: Lamiaceae

TYPE
  • Perennials
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Full Sun
  • Partial Shade
WATER
  • Ample Water
  • Regular Water
PLANTING ZONES
  • US (Upper South) / Zone 6
  • MS (Middle South) / Zone 7
  • LS (Lower South) / Zone 8

Plant Details

Native to eastern North America. Bushy, leafy clumps to 24 feet high spread rapidly; can be invasive. Dark green leaves grow 46 inches long, have strong, pleasant odor like a blend of mint and basil. In summer, upright stems are topped by tight clusters of long-tubed flowers much visited by hummingbirds. Plant 10 inches apart. Divide every 3 or 4 years. Not long lived. Prone to mildew and other leaf diseases in dry, humid weather. Deer resistant.

eastern bee balm

monarda bradburyana

  • Native perennial blooming white to pink to purple in late spring.
  • Drought and disease tolerant.

bee balm, oswego tea

monarda didyma

  • An old Southern favorite.
  • Basic species has scarlet flowers surrounded by reddish bracts.
  • Numerous garden selections and hybrids provide a choice of flower color, plant size, and disease resistance.
  • If spent flowers are removed, all selections bloom over a period of 2 months or more.
  • Don't let soil dry out.

Shorter selections include 'Petite Delight', 1112 feet tall, lavender-rose, some disease resistance; 'Fireball', 2 feet tall, red; and 'Grand Parade', just over 1 feet tall, lavender-purple flowers.

Standard-sized selections are 'Adam', 34 feet tall, scarlet; 'Cambridge Scarlet', 34 feet tall, red; 'Croftway Pink', 34 feet tall, pink; 'Dark Ponticum', 3 feet., violet-purple; 'Gardenview Scarlet', 3124 feet tall, red, good disease resistance; 'Granite Pink', 24 feet tall, purplish pink; 'Jacob Cline', 3 feet tall, deep rosy red, good disease resistance; 'Mahogany', 34 feet tall, dark red; 'Marshall's Delight', 2124 feet tall, purplish pink, good disease resistance; 'Raspberry Wine', 34 feet tall, purplish red, good disease resistance; 'Snow White', over 4 feet tall, white; and 'Violet Queen', 34 feet tall, purple, good disease resistance.

bergamot

monarda fistulosa

  • Lavender to light pink flowers encircled by whitish bracts are less showy than those of Monarda didyma.
  • Best suited to wild gardens.
  • This is not the source of the oil of bergamot used to flavor Earl Grey tea; that comes from the fruit of a type of citrus.
  • Look for 'Claire Grace', 3 feet tall, soft lavender; and 'Peter's Purple', 34 feet tall, lavender-purple flowers.
  • Both are highly mildew resistant.

spotted horsemint, dotted mint

monarda punctata

  • Usually smaller than the other species listed here.
  • Blooms in midsummer, bearing two or more whorled clusters of purple-spotted yellow or pink blossoms per stem.
  • Good plant for wildflower meadows and naturalized areas.

Search by Plant Name

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Experience our exclusive vacation collection.