MINT

FAMILY: Lamiaceae | GENUS: MENTHA

TYPE
  • Perennials
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Full Sun
  • Partial Shade
WATER
  • Regular Water
PLANTING ZONES
  • US (Upper South) / Zone 6
  • MS (Middle South) / Zone 7
  • LS (Lower South) / Zone 8
  • CS (Coastal South) / Zone 9

Plant Details

These Mediterranean natives spread rapidly by underground stems and can be quite invasive; to keep them in bounds, grow them in pots or boxes. Tough and unfussy, they grow almost anywhere but perform best in light, moist, medium-rich soil. Not favored by deer. Plants disappear in winter in colder part of range. Replant about every 3 years; propagate by division or runners.

golden apple mint

mentha xgracilis

  • Zones MS, LS, CS; USDA 7-9.
  • Grows to 2 feet tall.
  • Smooth, deep green, 112- to 3 inches-long leaves with yellow variegation have a spicy apple fragrance and flavor.
  • Produces inconspicuous flowers.
  • Use them for flavoring foods.
  • Foliage is excellent in mixed bouquets.

peppermint

mentha xpiperita

  • Grows to about 3 feet tall.
  • Strongly scented, tooth-edged leaves to 3 inches long, dark green often tinged with purple.
  • Small purplish flowers come in 1- to 3 inches spikes.
  • Leaves are good for flavoring tea.

mentha xp

  • citrata.
  • ORANGE MINT, BERGAMOT MINT.
  • Grows to about 2 feet high and produces small lavender flowers and broad, 2 inches-long leaves with a slight orange flavor.
  • Orange mint is used in potpourris and for flavoring foods.

pennyroyal

mentha pulegium

  • Zones MS, LS, CS; USDA 7-9.
  • Creeping plant 416 inches high, with inch-wide, bright green, nearly round leaves.
  • Small lavender flowers in tight, short whorls.
  • Strong mint fragrance and flavor.
  • Poisonous if consumed in large quantities but safe as a flavoring.
  • Needs a cool, moist site.

corsican mint

mentha requienii

  • Creeping, mat-forming mint reaches only 12 inches high.
  • Tiny, round, bright green leaves give it a mossy appearance; leaves release a delightful minty or sagelike fragrance when bruised.
  • Can be used as an aromatic filler between stepping stones (but won't take heavy foot traffic).
  • Bears tiny, tubular, light purple flowers.

spearmint

mentha spicata

  • Grows to 13 feet high.
  • Dark green, toothed leaves are slightly smaller than those of M.xpiperita.
  • Leafy spikes of flowers in pale lilac, pale blue, or white.
  • Clip leaves and use them fresh from the garden or dry them and use to add flavor to foods, cold drinks, or jelly.

apple mint

mentha suaveolens

  • Zones MS, LS, CS; USDA 7-9.
  • Stiff stems reach to 1123 feet tall, bearing rounded, somewhat hairy, gray-green leaves 14 inches long.
  • Produces purplish white flowers in 2- to 3 inches spikes.
  • Aromatic foliage combines the fragrances of apple and mint.
  • Variegata, pineapple mint, has white-marked leaves with a faint pineapple scent.

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