MAIANTHEMUM

FAMILY: Asparagaceae

TYPE
  • Perennials
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Partial Shade
WATER
  • Regular Water
PLANTING ZONES
  • US (Upper South) / Zone 6
  • MS (Middle South) / Zone 7
  • LS (Lower South) / Zone 8

Plant Details

These perennials spread by creeping rhizomes to form dense colonies. Need rich, loose, moist, slightly acid soil. Good for naturalizing in wild garden; commonly seen in moist woods and roadside ditches. The fruit is favored by wildlife. Formerly called Smilacina.

false solomon's seal, false spikenard

maianthemum racemosum

  • Native to woods throughout much of North America.
  • Grows 13 feet tall.
  • Each arching stalk has several 3- to 6 inches-long leaves with hairy undersides; foliage is medium green, turning golden yellow in autumn.
  • In spring, stalks are topped by fluffy, conical clusters of small, fragrant, creamy white flowers.
  • Red autumn berries have purple spots.
  • Resembles true Solomon's seal (Polygonatum).

starflower, starry solomon's seal

maianthemum stellatum

  • Native to Virginia, north to Newfoundland and west to Kansas and California.
  • Grows 12 12 feet tall.
  • Stems erect or somewhat spreading.
  • Light green, 6 inches leaves are folded lengthwise, or channeled, and clasp the stem.
  • Creamy white spring flowers smaller than those of Maianthemum racemosa.
  • Berries are green with black stripes, maturing to deep red or dark blue.

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