LYCHNIS

FAMILY: Caryophyllaceae

TYPE
  • Perennials
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Full Sun
  • Partial Shade
WATER
  • Varies by Species
PLANTING ZONES
  • US (Upper South) / Zone 6
  • MS (Middle South) / Zone 7
  • LS (Lower South) / Zone 8

Plant Details

Hardy, old-fashioned garden flowers, all very tolerant of adverse soils. The different kinds vary in appearance, but all offer eye-catching colors in summer. Plants are generally short lived and need to be replaced every few years.

alpine campion

lychnis alpina

  • From Europe and northeastern North America.
  • Mounding, tufted plant, with narrow, dark green leaves forming a rosette to 68 inches tall and wide.
  • In summer, dense clusters of rosy purple flowers rise above the foliage.
  • Alba has white flowers; 'Rosea' bears soft pink blooms.
  • Good edging or rock garden plant.
  • Regular water.

arkwright campion

lychnis arkwrightii

  • Hybrid of Lychnis chalcedonica and L.haageana.
  • To 1 feet tall, 1 feet wide, with brown-tinted dark green leaves.
  • Clusters of 1 inches., orange-scarlet flowers.
  • Remove faded blossoms for repeat bloom.
  • Vesuvius is taller (to 2 feet.), with large orange-red flowers; 'Orange Gnome' ('Orange Zwerg'), sporting bright orange flowers, grows only 57 inches tall and wide.
  • Regular water.

maltese cross

lychnis chalcedonica

  • Native to Russia.
  • Loose, open growth to 23 feet high and 1 feet wide, with hairy leaves and stems.
  • Dense terminal clusters of scarlet, inches flowers with deeply cut petals.
  • Effective in large borders with white-blossomed or gray-foliaged plants.
  • Alba is a white-flowered form.
  • Regular water.

orange catchfly

lychnis coronata

  • From Korea and northeast China.
  • Grows 13 feet tall, 2 feet wide.
  • Upright stems carry deep green, oval, pointed leaves 23 inches long.
  • Flowers in a lovely shade of salmon-pink to apricot-orange are 22 inches wide, held singly or in clusters of three or more.
  • Each petal has frilled edges; a deep central notch; and a long, slender tooth along one side.
  • Orange Sherbet has light orange blooms on a compact plant 1 feet high and wide.
  • Easy to grow from seed, blooming in the first year.
  • Pinch young plants to induce bushiness.
  • Moderate to regular water.

rose campion

lychnis coronaria

  • From southeastern Europe.
  • Grows to 12 feet tall, with attractive white, silky foliage and magenta to crimson flowers that are a little less than an inch across.
  • Effective massed.
  • Alba has white flowers; 'Angel's Blush' bears white blossoms with a deep pink eye.
  • Gardeners World' has double red flowers.
  • Species and selections all self-sow freely if faded flowers are not removed.
  • Moderate water.

orange campion

lychnis x haageana

  • Red, orange, salmon, or white flowers carried in clusters of two or three throughout summer.
  • Stems clothed in green leaves reach 12 feet high; plant grows 1 feet wide.
  • Dies down shortly after bloom.
  • Mulch to protect against extreme heat or cold.
  • Though a hybrid, it comes fairly true from seed.
  • Regular water.
  • Molten Lava has vivid, orange-red blooms.

german catchfly

lychnis viscaria

  • From Eurasia.
  • Compact, low, evergreen clumps of grasslike leaves to 5 inches long.
  • Pinkish purple, inches flowers on 1- to 2 feet stalks.
  • Alba has white blooms.
  • Foot-high 'Splendens' bears magenta blossoms; 'Splendens Plena' ('Flore Pleno') is similar but has double flowers.
  • Two deep red bloomers are 1 feet 'Zulu' and 8 inches Lychnis v.
  • atropurpurea.
  • Molten Lava has vivid, orange-red blooms.
  • Moderate to regular water.

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