Liverwort

FAMILY: Ranunculaceae | GENUS: HEPATICA

TYPE
  • Perennials
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Partial Shade
  • Full Shade
WATER
  • Regular Water
PLANTING ZONES
  • US (Upper South) / Zone 6
  • MS (Middle South) / Zone 7
  • LS (Lower South) / Zone 8
  • CS (Coastal South) / Zone 9

Plant Details

Diminutive woodland plants (just 69 inches high and 6 inches wide) with evergreen or nearly evergreen leaves and charming blooms. Plants resemble smaller sorts of anemones and were formerly considered to be anemones. In herbal medicine, they have been used to treat disorders of the liver, hence the common name. Plants bloom in early spring, bearing flowers with numerous narrow, petal-like sepals arranged around a central mass of yellow stamens. Each bloom rises on its own stalk above the clump of last year's foliage. A new crop of leaves follows bloom.

These are choice plants for woodland gardens and shaded rock gardens. Though little known in North America except among wildflower fanciers, they are popular with plant collectors in Japan, where many selections are cultivated.

sharplobe hepatica

hepatica acutiloba

  • Native to eastern and central North America.
  • Leathery, 4 inches leaves are divided into three sharp-pointed lobes.
  • Flowers are lilac and white, 121 inches across, on stems to 9 inches high.

liverwort

hepatica americana

  • Native to eastern and central North America.
  • Leathery, 4 inches leaves with three rounded lobes.
  • Flowering stems are usually 6 inches high.
  • Flowers are 121 inches wide, typically light blue but sometimes pink or white.

hepatica nobilis(Hepatica triloba)

  • Native to Europe.
  • Very similar to Hepatica americana.
  • Flowers are usually bluish purple but may be white or pink.

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