LINDEN

FAMILY: Malvaceae | GENUS: TILIA

TYPE
  • Deciduous
  • Trees
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Full Sun
WATER
  • Regular Water

Plant Details

Stately, attractive, densely foliaged trees that grow at a moderate rate. All have irregularly heart- shaped leaves and small, fragrant, yellowish white flowers in droop- ing clusters in late spring, early summer. Flowers develop into nutlets, each with an attached papery bract. Best in deep, rich, moist soil. In cold-winter areas, fall color varies from negligible to a good yellow. Young trees need shaping, older ones only corrective pruning. Aphids can cause honeydew, which drips disagreeably and encourages sooty mold.

american linden, basswood

tilia americana

  • Zones US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9.
  • Native to eastern North America.
  • To 4060 feet tall, 2025 feet wide.
  • Straight-trunked tree with a narrow crown.
  • Dull, dark green leaves to 46 inches long, nearly as wide.
  • Not at its best in city conditions.
  • Redmond is a pyramidal form with glossy foliage.

little-leaf linden

tilia cordata

  • Zones US, MS; USDA 6-7.
  • Native to Europe.
  • Dense pyramid to 3050 feet tall, 1530 feet wide.
  • Leaves 1123 inches long and as wide (or wider), dark green above, silvery beneath.
  • Excellent lawn or street tree for the Midwest and Upper and Middle South.
  • Given room to develop its crown, it can be a fine patio shade tree (but expect bees in flowering season).
  • Can be sheared into hedges.
  • Very tolerant of city conditions.
  • Selected forms include 'Chancellor', fast-growing 'Glenleven', dense 'Greenspire', heavy-blooming 'June Bride', and 'Olympic'.
  • Summer Sprite is compact, at just 20 feet tall and 15 feet wide.

crimean linden

tilia x euchlora

  • Zones US, MS; USDA 6-7.
  • Hybrid derived from Tilia cordata.
  • To 2535 feet (perhaps eventually to 50 feet.) tall, almost as wide.
  • Slightly pendulous branches.
  • Rich green, glossy leaves have paler undersides, reach 24 inches long and wide.
  • Casts more open shade than Tilia cordata.

silver linden

tilia tomentosa

  • Zones US, MS, LS; USDA 6-8.
  • From Europe, western Asia.
  • To 4050 feet tall, 2030 feet wide.
  • Leaves are 35 inches long and wide, light green above, silvery beneath; they turn and ripple in the slightest breeze.
  • Good yellow fall color.
  • Takes more heat and drought than most other species and isn't as messy.
  • Sterling has silvery young leaves and an especially handsome winter silhouette.

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