These conifers form slender pyramids with horizontal branches and drooping branchlets. Needles are 1 in. long, in soft, fluffy tufts. Woody, roundish, - to 1-in.-long cones are scattered all along branchlets. Notable for color in spring and fall and for winter silhouette. In spring, trees show off tufts of pale green new needles, bright purple-red new cones. In fall, needles turn brilliant yellow and orange before dropping. Winter interest is enhanced by the many cones, which turn brown with age and hang on to create a polka-dot pattern against the sky. Best in regions with cold winters. Not particular about soil. Plant with dark evergreen conifers as background or near water for reflection. Larches attract birds.
L. decidua. EUROPEAN LARCH. Zone US; USDA 6. From mountains of Europe. Moderate to fast growth to 3060 ft. tall, 1025 ft. wide. Summer foliage is grass-green. Branches of 'Pendula' arch out and down, with branchlets hanging nearly straight down.
L. kaempferi. JAPANESE LARCH. Zones US, MS; USDA 6-7. Native to Japan. Fast growing to 60 ft. or taller, 2030 ft. wide, but can be dwarfed in containers. Summer foliage is a soft bluish green. 'Pendula' has long, weeping branches.