KOELREUTERIA

FAMILY: Sapindaceae

TYPE
  • Deciduous
  • Trees
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Full Sun
WATER
  • Moderate Water
  • Regular Water

Plant Details

Native to Asia, these small trees are admired for large, loose clusters of yellow flowers followed by fat, papery fruit capsules resembling little Japanese lanterns. Capsules are used in both fresh and dried arrangements. Good patio, lawn, or street trees. Very adaptable to different soils as long as drainage is fairly good. Self-sown seedlings can be invasive.

K. bipinnata (K. integrifoliola). CHINESE FLAME TREE. MS, LS, CS; USDA 7-9. To 2040 ft. tall and not quite as wide, eventually flat topped. Deep green leaves 12 ft. long, divided into 7 to 12 oval leaflets; turn yellow for a short time before dropping in fall. Blooms in mid- to late summer; flower clusters are like those of K. paniculata, but 2-in. capsules are more colorful, in shades of orange, red, or salmon. Capsules come quickly after flowers and persist into fall. Prodigious number of seedlings.

K. elegans (K. formosana). FLAMEGOLD. Zones CS, TS; USDA 9-11. Round-headed tree 2030 ft. tall and equally broad. Dark green leaves about 112 ft. long, with 9 to 16 leaflets. Bright yellow fall flowers in tall, erect clusters are followed by especially showy clusters of long-lasting, puffy, orange-red to salmon fruit. Fall foliage is yellow but not consistent; show is often poor.

K. paniculata. GOLDENRAIN TREE. Zones US, MS, LS, CS, USDA 6-9. To 2035 ft. tall, 2540 ft. wide. Open branching, giving slight shade. Leaves to 15 in. long, with 7 to 15 oval, toothed or lobed leaflets, each 13 in. long. New leaves are purplish, maturing to bright green in summer; may turn yellow to gold in fall. Very showy, 8- to 14-in.-long flower clusters in early to midsummer. Fruit capsules are red when young, maturing to buff and brown shades; last well into autumn. Tree takes cold, heat, drought, wind. Prune to shape; can be gawky without pruning. 'Coral Sun' is a nonflowering selection with coral new growth that matures to green, contrasting with coral stems. 'Fastigiata' is 25 ft. tall, 3 ft. wide. 'Golden Candle' grows 35 ft. tall, 34 ft. wide. 'Rose Lantern' has seedpods flushed with pink. 'September' blooms a month after the species.

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