JATROPHA

FAMILY: Euphorbiaceae

TYPE
  • Deciduous
  • Evergreen
  • Shrubs
  • Trees
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Partial Shade
WATER
  • Moderate Water
  • Regular Water
PLANTING ZONES
  • TS (Tropical South) / Zone 10
  • TS (Tropical South) / Zone 11
SPECIAL FEATURES
  • Poisonous/Toxic

Plant Details

Large group of tropical and subtropical plants related to poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima), with milky latex or clear juice in the stems. The most commonly grown species are popular for their large, deeply lobed, typically heart-shaped leaves, which provide tropical effects in the garden.

physic nut

jatropha curcas

  • Evergreen shrub or small tree.
  • Native to the tropical Americas.
  • Reaches 815 feet tall and wide.
  • Easy to grow; cuttings from mature stems are sometimes set out in the ground, watered, and left to make a hedge.
  • Deep green leaves are heart shaped, to 1 feet long and 7 inches wide, on 4- to 6 inches stalks.
  • Inconspicuous yellowish green flowers appear in spring.
  • Oval, 1 inches-long nuts contain poisonous seeds.
  • Oil from seeds being evaluated as source for biodiesel.
  • Leaves and stems of this species are also poisonous.

peregrina

jatropha integerrima

  • Evergreen shrub or small tree.
  • Native to Cuba and the West Indies.
  • Can reach 20 feet tall, 15 feet wide, but usually attains just half that size in gardens.
  • Grow as a multitrunked shrub or prune into tree shape.
  • Good in a container or as a patio tree.
  • Glossy, pointed leaves to 5 inches long emerge bronzy red, then age to dark green with brownish undersides.
  • Bright scarlet to coral flowers about an inch across bloom in clusters at branch tips most of the year; they attract hummingbirds and butterflies.
  • Berries and sap are poisonous.
  • Compacta grows about half as large as the species.

coral plant

jatropha multifida

  • Evergreen shrub or small tree.
  • From Mexico, Brazil, West Indies.
  • To 20 feet tall, 12 feet wide.
  • Leaves 1 feet across, white on undersides; almost circular but deeply divided into 7 to 11 narrow lobes.
  • Scarlet, inches flowers on red stems bloom in summer; they are followed by oval fruit to 1 inches long.
  • All plant parts are poisonous.

gout plant

jatropha podagrica

  • Deciduous shrub.
  • From Central America, West Indies.
  • Grows to 15 feet tall, about 1 feet wide.
  • Named for its swollen, gouty-looking trunk.
  • Three- to five-lobed leaves reach 10 inches across, have white undersides.
  • Coral-red flowers about inches wide appear from winter through summer.
  • Berries and sap are poisonous.

Need gritty, very well-drained soil with added humus; not salt tolerant. Resist deer. Indoors, site in bright light, but don't expose to direct hot sun. In spring and summer, water moderately and feed monthly with a general-purpose liquid houseplant fertilizer. Leave plants unwatered in fall and winter.

Search by Plant Name

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z