Graceful conifer, fast growing (34 ft. a year) in youth. Eventually skyline tree to 100 ft. tall, 30 ft. wide at base, with straight, colum- nar trunk, thin red-brown bark peeling in strips. Slightly pendu- lous branches are clothed with needlelike leaves 121 in. long; foliage is soft bright green to bluish green during the growing season, brownish purple in cold weather. Roundish, red-brown cones 341 in. wide. Trees are sometimes planted in groves for Japanese garden effect; they also make a good tall screen. For holiday decorations they are soft and do not shed. Good substitute for Leyland Cypress. Not browsed by deer.
'Benjamin Franklin'. Foliage stays green even with exposure to cold or wind. Salt tolerant.
'Black Dragon'. New spring growth is light green; mature foliage is blackish green. Grows only about 5 ft. high and 7 ft. wide in 10 years.
'Chapel Hill'. Raindrop-shaped tree 5-10 ft. high and 4-8 ft. wide. Upswept branches with blue-green foliage year-round. Coneless.
'Elegans'. PLUME CEDAR, PLUME CRYPTOMERIA. Quite unlike species. Feathery, grayish green, soft-textured foliage turns rich coppery red or purplish in winter. Grows slowly into dense pyramid to 2060 ft. tall, about 20 ft. wide. Trunks on old trees may lean or curve. For effective display, give it space.
'Globosa Nana'. Dwarf selection with very slow, upright growth to 4 ft. high and wide. Dark green foliage. Boxwood substitute.
'Kitayama'. Narrow, upright, (to 1518 ft. tall and 810 ft. wide), more compact form and better winter color make this an improvement over 'Yoshino'.
'Pygmaea' ('Nana'). DWARF CRYPTOMERIA. Bushy dwarf 12 ft. high, 2 ft. wide. Dark green leaves, twisted branches.
'Vilmoriniana'. Slow-growing dwarf to 12 ft. high and wide. Fluffy, gray-green foliage turns bronze in late fall and winter. Rock garden or container plant.
'Yoshino'. Resembles the species but is smaller (to 3040 ft. tall and 20 ft. wide), with bluish green foliage that takes on reddish tones in winter.