impatiens, sultana, BALSAM

FAMILY: Balsaminaceae | GENUS: IMPATIENS

TYPE
  • Annuals
  • Perennials
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Varies by Species
WATER
  • Ample Water
  • Regular Water
PLANTING ZONES
  • US (Upper South) / Zone 6
  • MS (Middle South) / Zone 7
  • LS (Lower South) / Zone 8
  • CS (Coastal South) / Zone 9
  • TS (Tropical South) / Zone 10
  • TS (Tropical South) / Zone 11

Plant Details

Of the hundreds of species, only the following are usually seen in gardens. Most of these are annuals or tender perennials treated as annuals; all are valuable for long bloom period (most flower in summer, and a few continue into fall). When lightly touched, ripe seed capsules burst open and scatter seeds.

impatiens balfourii

  • Annual.
  • From the Himalayas.
  • To 20 inches high and broad, with 4- to 5 inches leaves and loose clusters of inch-wide, pink- tinted white flowers.
  • Seldom planted but often pops up unannounced.
  • It can become a pest by reseeding, but it is attractive in shady, informal plantings.

balsam

impatiens balsamina

  • Annual.
  • From Southeast Asia.
  • Erect, branching plant reaches 830 inches high and 68 inches wide.
  • Sharp-pointed, 112- to 6 inches-long leaves with deeply toothed edges.
  • Large, spurred flowers are borne among leaves along main stem, branches; they may be solid colored or variegated, in white or shades of pink, rose, lilac, or red.
  • Compact, double camelliaflowered forms are most frequently grown.
  • Sow seeds in flats or pots in early spring; after frost danger is past, set out young plants (or purchased transplants) in full sun (light shade in hottest climates).

jewel weed

impatiens capensis

  • Annual.
  • Native to damp, shady sites in Canada and the northern U.S. Grows 25 feet tall, 2 feet wide.
  • Smooth, tooth-edged, green leaves to 312 inches long.
  • Spurred, 1 inches orange-yellow flowers with reddish brown splotches; blooms in summer, fall.
  • Partial or full shade.
  • Juice from crushed stems is used to treat dermatitis caused by poison ivy, poison oak.

impatiens New Guinea hybrids

  • Perennials in Zone TS; USDA 10-11; annuals anywhere.
  • A varied group of striking plants developed from a number of species native to New Guinea, especially Impatiens hawkeri.
  • Plants can be upright or spreading; most are 12 feet tall and as wide or wider.
  • Leaves are typically large, often variegated with cream or red.
  • Flowers usually large (212 inches wide) though not profuse, held well above foliage; colors include lavender, purple, pink, red, orange, and white.
  • Once considered primarily potted plants, they also perform well as bedding plants; provide ample fertilizer and give somewhat more sun than you would Impatiens walleriana.

Popular strains include 'Celebration' (with 3 inches flowers), 'Paradise', 'Sunshine', and 'Pure Beauty'. Most New Guinea hybrids are cutting-grown plants, but 'Spectra' ('Firelake') and 'Java' strains can be grown from seed. 'Spectra' offers a mix of flower colors and has leaves variegated with cream or white; bronze-leafed 'Java' is available in single or mixed colors. 'Tango', also seed grown, has bright orange blooms and bronze-green foliage.

SunPatiens strain is the result of a cross between New Guinea hybrids and a wild species. These are long-lived, free-blooming plants that can take full sun in all but the hottest areas. Flower colors range from pinks and reds through coral and orange and white. Three form-based series are offered: Compact (upright and bushy, to 23 feet tall and wide); Spreading (mounding growth to 23 feet tall and 3 feet wide); and Vigorous (vase-shaped, 34 feet tall and 3 feet wide).

hardy impatiens

impatiens omeiana

  • Perennial in Zones US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9.
  • From mountainous areas of China.
  • To 1112 feet high, spreading by runners.
  • Primarily grown for its attractive leaves that grow to 112 inches long and are velvety dark green with a whitish stripe down the center.
  • Blooms in early fall, bearing small yellow to apricot flowers that resemble little goldfish.
  • Partial or full shade.

yellow impatiens

impatiens repens

  • Perennial in Zone TS; USDA 10-11, usually grown as annual.
  • From India, Sri Lanka.
  • To 8 inches high, 1 feet wide, with thick reddish stems and kidney-shaped, 1 inches., green leaves.
  • Hooded, clear yellow, 112 inches flowers from summer to fall.
  • Good choice for hanging baskets.
  • Partial shade.

poor man's rhododendron

impatiens sodenii

  • Perennial in Zone TS; USDA 10-11; indoor/outdoor plant elsewhere.
  • From eastern tropical Africa.
  • To 48 feet tall, 10 feet wide, with woody-based stems clothed in whorls of 8 inches-long, glossy, dark green leaves.
  • Produces many 212 inches., slender-spurred flowers in lilac, pale lavender, or pinkish shades.
  • Tolerates seacoast conditions.
  • Frosts kill it to ground, but it regrows in spring.
  • Blooms in partial or deep shade; takes sun in cool-summer areas.
  • Flash has white blooms streaked with bright rose-pink.
  • Madonna has pure white flowers.

impatiens, sultana

impatiens walleriana

  • Perennial in Zone TS; USDA 10-11, annual anywhere.
  • The South's most popular flowers for partial or full shade; will take full sun if watered frequently almost daily.
  • Rapid, vigorous growth; tall types reach 2 feet high, dwarf kinds 612 inches high.
  • Narrow, glossy, dark green, 1- to 3 inches-long leaves on juicy pale green stems.
  • Flowers 12 inches wide, in all colors but yellow and true blue.
  • All types are useful for many months of bright color.
  • Grow plants from seed or cuttings, or buy them in cell packs or pots.
  • Space taller types 1 feet apart, dwarfs 6 inches apart.
  • If plants overgrow, cut them back to 6 inches above groundit's a tonic.
  • New growth emerges in a few days, and flowers cover it in 2 weeks.
  • Plants often reseed in moist ground.

At any given moment, there are dozens of excellent strains on the market; many are just nuanced versions of the others. Following are some of the more popular.

Accent. To 10 inches high, in numer- ous individual colors or a mix.

Blitz. To 16 inches high, with 2 inches flowers in mixed or single colors.

Dazzler. To 11 inches high, in all colors plus a star pattern.

Super Elfin. To 810 inches high. Comes in an exceptionally wide range of individual colors and blends of harmonizing hues. One example is 'Blue Pearl', with flowers in an unusual bluish lilac shade.

Swirl. To 1012 inches high. Pastel shades with picotee edges of deeper color.

Many novelty strains and selections are available. They include 'Firefly', dwarf series to 68 inches high, with 12 inches flowers in the full range of impatiens colors; 'Confection', 1012 inches., producing a high percentage of double and semidouble flowers from seed; and 'Victorian Rose', 1012 inches., with frilly, rose-pink, semidouble flowers. Other double impatiens with flowers resembling rosebuds include cutting-grown 'Fiesta', 'Rockapulco', and 'Tioga' strains. The double-flowered types are best used as potted plants, located where flower detail can be observed close up.

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