HOP

FAMILY: Cannabaceae | GENUS: HUMULUS

TYPE
  • Perennials
  • Vines / Ground Covers
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Full Sun
WATER
  • Regular Water
PLANTING ZONES
  • US (Upper South) / Zone 6
  • MS (Middle South) / Zone 7
  • LS (Lower South) / Zone 8

Plant Details

These fast-growing, twining vines are attractive for summer screening on trellises or arborsand one species yields the hops used in beer. Leaves to 6 inches long are deeply lobed and toothed. Bloom in late summer. Male plants produce flower panicles; females bear blossoms in greenish spikes resembling pinecones. Squarish, hairy stems are set with deeply lobed, toothed leaves to 6 inches long. Stems twine vertically; to get horizontal growth, twine stem tips by hand. Cut stems to ground after frost turns them brown; regrowth comes the following spring.

japanese hop

humulus japonicus

  • From eastern Asia.
  • To 2030 feet Bears 34 inches female flower spikes.
  • Dark green leaves have five to seven lobes; foliage of 'Variegatus' is marked with white.
  • Sow seeds in place in spring.

common hop

humulus lupulus

  • From many northern temperate regions of the world.
  • This species produces the traditional flavoring for beer.
  • The hopsfemale flowersare soft, flaky, 1- to 2 inches., light green cones of bracts and blossoms with a fresh, piny fragrance.
  • Bright green leaves have three to five lobes.
  • Tender top shoots can be cooked as a vegetable.
  • Plants sold in nurseries are typically female; no pollenizer needed.
  • May be offered as potted plants or as dormant roots.
  • The roots should be planted in rich soil in early spring; set just below soil surface with thick end up.
  • Many selections are available, including 'Aureus', which has attractive chartreuse foliage.

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