HEDGEHOG CACTUS

FAMILY: Cactaceae | GENUS: ECHINOCEREUS

TYPE
  • Cactus
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Full Sun
WATER
  • Drought Tolerant
  • Moderate Water

Plant Details

Nearly 50 species of hedgehog cactus are native to the Southwest, including Texas, New Mexico, and Mexico. Some grow at fairly high elevations, where they survive freezing temperatures. All have cylindrical, ribbed stems in clumps; showy flowers in spring to early summer; and fleshy fruit that is edible in some species. Blooms come in red, yellow, purple, pink, or white and have many rows of petals; they typically close at night. Plant in masses for best effect. Excellent choices for dry-land gardens. Give them maximum sun and gritty, well-drained soil.

echinocereus berlandieri

  • Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11.
  • Stems 1 inches thick, 1 feet long; forms a clump 2 feet wide.
  • Purplish pink, 3 inches flowers with darker throat.
  • Good candidate for a hanging basket.

echinocereus engelmannii

  • Zones MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 7-11.
  • Clumps 12 feet tall, 3 feet wide, with 3- to 4 inches-thick stems.
  • Lavender to deep purplish red flowers are 23 inches wide.
  • Inch-long red fruits are edible.

strawberry cactus

echinocereus enneacanthus

  • Zones CS, TS; USDA 9-11.
  • Stems 14 inches thick, 2 feet long.
  • Forms colonies 3 feet wide.
  • New stems start at or just above the ground and grow sideways, then upright.
  • Goblet-shaped, purplish red, 2- to 3 inches flowers remain open at night.
  • The inch-long, greenish to brownish purple fruit is edible and tastes like strawberries.

cream lace cactus

echinocereus reichenbachii

  • Zones US, MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 6-11.
  • Each stem is 2 inches thick, 6 inches tall.
  • Plant may have a single stem or as many as a dozen.
  • Large (4 inches.) flowers vary from pink to magenta.
  • White, lacy-looking spines.

claret cup

echinocereus triglochidiatus

  • Zones US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9.
  • Dense clump, up to 3 feet wide, sometimes with hundreds of 2- to 3 inches-diameter stems to a foot tall.
  • Flowers are 3 inches wide, orange to red; inch-long fruits (not edible) are pink to red.

echinocereus viridiflorus

  • Zones US, MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 6-11.
  • Stems grow to 2 inches thick, 1 feet long, forming a clump to 2 feet wide.
  • Slender, 1 inches flowers are yellowish green with a lemon scent; remain nearly closed day and night.

Search by Plant Name

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z