These stately perennials from China and Japan form 3 feet-wide clumps of large leaves topped by daisy-type flowers in yellow to orange. All need rich soil, plenty of moisture, and some shade; they do not tolerate low humidity or hot afternoon sun. Good around pools, along streambeds, in bog gardens. Control slugs and snails. Clumps can remain undisturbed for years; if more plants are needed, divide clumps in early spring.
- Grown primarily for big, attractive leaves (to more than a foot across), roundish with a heart-shaped base.
- In mid-summer to early fall, sends up 3- to 5 feet stems holding large, branching heads of orange- yellow, 4 inches-wide daisies.
- Othello and 'Desdemona' have deep purple leafstalks, veins, and leaf undersides; upper surfaces of leaves are green.
- Midnight Lady has dark, bronzy purple leaves.
ligularia 'Gregynog Gold
- Clump of 14 inches-wide, heart-shaped, tooth-edged leaves sends up stems to 6 feet tall.
- In late summer and fall, stems bear conical clusters of 4 inches yellow flowers.
ligularia 'Osiris Caf Noir
- Grows 20 inches high and nearly as wide.
- Purple-black new growth progressively lightens through bronze to green.
- Leathery leaves have serrated margins.
- Yellow flowers appear on 20 inches stems in mid- to late summer.
- Deeply lobed and cut leaves grow to 1 feet wide.
- Dark purplish blossom stalks rise to about 6 feet and are loaded with dense, narrow spires of inches., yellow flowers in summer.
- Dragons Breath' is more compact to 30 inches high and 24 inches wide.
- Especially stunning flower spikes.
- Usually represented by its selection 'The Rocket', which forms a large clump of foot-wide, irregularly toothed leaves topped by tall (up to 5 feet), narrow, dark-stemmed spires bearing many 1 inches., yellow daisies in summer.
- Bears kidney-shaped leaves that reach 20 inches wide.
- Stems grow to 6 feet tall, carry spikes of inch-wide yellow daisies in summer.