From China and Japan. Glossy, bright green, 6- to 12-in.-wide leaves on long (1- to 2-ft.) leaf- stalks form a clump to about 2 ft. tall and wide; leaves are kidney shaped, scalloped, or shallowly lobed. From fall into winter, flower stems rise 112 to 2 ft. tall, each carrying several yellow 112- to 2-in. daisies. The species is not as popular or widely grown as its selections, which include the following. Formerly known as Ligularia tussilaginea.
'Argenteum'. Somewhat smaller leaves than the species, in deep green marbled with gray green and white.
'Aureomaculatum'. Zones US, MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 6-11. Thick, leathery leaves are heavily, evenly speckled with yellow.
'Crispatum'. Thick, ruffle-edged, gray-green leaves; sometimes called pie crust ligularia.
'Gigantea' (F. j. giganteum). Thick, glossy leaves up to 15 in. across.
'Kagami Jishi'. Combines the ruffled edges of 'Crispatum' with the yellow-spotted foliage of 'Aureomaculatum'.
'Last Dance'. Hybrid with another Japanese species. Leaves are more angular and scalloped than those of others listed here.
All are choice container plants for shady beds or entryways. Tops hardy to 20F. Plants die back to roots at 0F but put on new growth in spring. Control snails and slugs. Can be grown indoors if placed near a window with bright light.