This tough, easy-to-grow, long- flowering plant deserves much wider use in gardens. Native from Ontario to the midwestern and southern U.S., it resembles the annual sunflower Helianthus annuus. Forms clumps to 5 ft. high and half as wide, with 6-in., rough-textured, medium green leaves. Bright yellow to orange- yellow flowers, 3 in. wide, appear from June until frost. Good, long-lasting cut flower. Tolerates drought and is seldom bothered by pests or deer. Selections are sometimes offered as varieties of H. h. scabra. The following are some of the best selections.
'Ballerina' ('Spitzentnzerin'). Compact plant to 3 ft. tall, 2 ft. wide. Early bloomer with semidouble yellow flowers.
'Bressingham Doubloon'. Sturdy plant to 45 ft. tall, 24 ft. wide, with semidouble yellow blooms.
'Gold Greenheart' ('Goldgrnherz'). Double golden flowers with unusual green centers. To 3 ft. tall, 2 ft. wide.
'Golden Plume' ('Goldgefieder'). Double yellow flowers on a plant reaching 3 ft. tall and 2 ft. wide.
'Hohlspiegel'. Deep orange-yellow blooms with concave centers. To 4 ft. tall, 2 ft. wide.
'Karat'. Large single flowers in bright yellow. Grows to 312 ft. tall and 2 ft. wide.
'Loraine Sunshine'. A conversation piece. White leaves with green veins; single yellow blooms. Compact plant grows just 212 ft. tall and 112 ft. wide.
'Summer Nights'. Golden yellow, single flowers on dark red stems. Plant grows 34 ft. tall and 2 ft. wide.
'Summer Sun' ('Sommersonne'). Yellow bloomssome single, some semidouble. To 3 ft. tall, 2 ft. wide.