EUGENIA (Syzgium)

FAMILY: Myrtaceae

TYPE
  • Evergreen
  • Shrubs
  • Trees
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Full Sun
  • Partial Shade
WATER
  • Regular Water

Plant Details

Grown for attractive foliage, white flowers, edible cherries. Perform best in a moist atmosphere, with rich, well-drained soil and a sheltered location.

cherry of the rio grande

E. aggregata

  • Zones TS; USDA 10-11.
  • Native to Brazil.
  • To 15 feet tall and 10 feet wide, with bark peeling in thin layers.
  • Narrow, elliptical, glossy, dark green leaves to 3 inches long.
  • Showy flowers to about 1 inches across.
  • Oval fruit to 1 inches long ripens from orange-red to deep purplish red, is said to taste like cherries.
  • Eat fresh or use for jams, jellies.

australian bush cherry

E. myrtifolia

  • Zones CS, TS; USDA 9-11.
  • Although known to grow into a 15 feet-tall, multitrunked shrub, it is often used as a privacy screen or a topiary plant, trimmed into playful spirals and pompons.
  • New growth emerges bronze and remains showy against the older green foliage.
  • Flowers are creamy white puff balls in spring, and they are followed by red berries.

surinam cherry, pitanga

E. uniflora

  • Zones CS, TS; USDA 9-11.
  • From the tropical Americas.
  • Very slow, open growth to about 1525 feet tall and 1015 feet wide, though it's commonly seen at 68 feet tall with equal spread.
  • Glossy, copper-tinged green leaves reach 2 inches long, deepen in color to purplish or red in cold weather.
  • Fragrant, showy, 12 inches-wide flowers with prominent stamens.
  • Roundish, inch-wide fruit ripens from yellow to orange to deep red; it is edible when fully ripe.
  • Fruit of seedlings ranges from quite sweet and cherrylike to very sour.
  • Lolita has sweet, black fruit that is far superior in flavor to that of seedlings; it's good for jams, jellies.
  • Grafted selections are sometimes available.
  • Good screen.
  • Can be sheared into a hedge, but by doing so you'll sacrifice fruit.

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