ERYTHRONIUM

FAMILY: Liliaceae

TYPE
  • Perennials
  • Bulbs
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Partial Shade
WATER
  • Regular Water

Plant Details

Spring-blooming plants with dainty, nodding, lily-shaped owers to 11 inches across, on stems usually 1 feet high or less. All have two (rarely three) broad, tongue-shaped, basal leaves that are mottled in many species. All need some subfreezing temperatures. Plant in groups under trees, in rock gardens, beside pools or streams. Set out bulbs in fall, 23 inches deep, 45 inches apart, in rich, porous soil; plant bulbs as soon as you receive them, and don't let them dry out. May take a few years after planting to begin blooming. Difficult to transplant once established, because bulbs work their way deep into the soil. Not eaten by rodents or deer.

white trout lily

erythronium albidum

  • Zones US, MS, LS; USDA 6-8.
  • Native from Minnesota to Ontario and south to Texas.
  • White owers ushed yellow at the base come on stems 612 inches tall.
  • Blooms later in spring than most other species.
  • Leaves are soft green, sometimes mottled with silver or brown.
  • Spreads slowly to form colonies.

trout lily

erythronium americanum

  • Zones US, MS, LS; USDA 6-8.
  • Native from Minnesota to Nova Scotia and south to Florida.
  • Shiny green leaves mottled brown and purple.
  • Blooms in late spring, at about the same time as Erythronium albidum; 3- to 6 inches stems bear pale yellow blossoms sometimes ushed with purple.

dog-tooth violet

erythronium dens-canis

  • Zones US, MS, LS; USDA 6-8.
  • European species.
  • Leaves mottled with reddish brown; 6 inches stems bear purple or rose owers.
  • Specialists can supply named forms with white, pink, rose, and violet blossoms.
  • Rose Queen has deep pink blooms.

pink fawn lily

erythronium 'Pagoda

  • Zones US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9.
  • Probable cross between Erythronium tuolumnense and Erythronium californicum 'White Beauty'.
  • Vigorous grower, with deep green leaves heavily mottled in bronze.
  • In spring, 6- to 14 inches-tall stems hold up to 10 bright yellow flowers with rusty central rings.

erythronium revolutum

  • Zones US, MS, LS; USDA 6-8.
  • Western native quite similar to Erythronium californicum, but with larger foliage and flowers.
  • Flower stems up to 16 inches hold pink blossoms marked yellow in the center.
  • Pink Beauty has deep pink flowers without yellow center.
  • White Beauty, with large white, red- centered flowers, is often sold under this species but is now thought to be a variety of Erythronium californicum.

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