Native to China, northern India. To 3050 ft. high and wide, with irregular habit. Shiny, rich green, 1- to 3-ft.-long leaves are cut into many toothed, narrow or oval leaflets 12 in. long. Blooms in spring or early summer, bearing loose clusters of lilac flowers that are fragrant in the evening. Blossoms are followed by hard, berrylike yellow fruit about 12in. wide. Tough plant; tolerates heat, wind, poor alkaline soil, drought. In areas with year-round moisture, tends to self-sow and become a pest (birds eat the fruit and spread seedlings all over creation).
'Umbraculiformis'. TEXAS UMBRELLA TREE is less picturesque than the species. It reaches 2530 ft. high, with a dense, dome-shaped crown and drooping leaves. Grows true from seed. 'Jade Snowflake' is a variegated form that is heavily mottled with green and white.