Carolina Moonseed

FAMILY: Menispermaceae | GENUS: COCCULUS

TYPE
  • Evergreen
  • Shrubs
  • Vines / Ground Covers
  • Deciduous
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Full Sun
  • Partial Shade
WATER
  • Regular Water

Plant Details

Woody vines and vinelike shrubs that are easy to grow in moist soil. Flowers are not prominent, but foliage is a lovely glossy green.

carolina moonseed

cocculus carolinus

  • Woody deciduous or evergreen vine.
  • Zones US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9.
  • Deciduous in Upper and Middle South; evergreen in Lower and Coastal South.
  • Native from Florida to Virginia and west to Texas.
  • Grows rapidly to 1012 feet., climbing by tendrils; needs support.
  • Oval, pointed, medium green leaves reach 4 inches long.
  • Blooms in spring, with greenish white flowers in 3- to 5 inches-long clusters; blossoms are not as showy as the glossy bright red berries that appear in late summer and fall.
  • Gets its common name from its crescent-shaped seeds.
  • Tolerates most soils, including alkaline ones.
  • Can be weedy and difficult to eradicate.

wild olive

cocculus laurifolius

  • Evergreen shrub.
  • Zones CS, TS; USDA 9-11.
  • Native to the Himalayas.
  • Usually multistemmed, with arching, spreading growth; shiny, leathery oblong leaves to 6 inches., with three strongly marked veins running from base to tip.
  • Grows slowly at first, then moderately rapidly to 25 feet (or more) tall and wide; can be kept smaller by pruning.
  • Long, willowy branches are as easily led and trained as vines; fastened to a trellis, they make an effective screen.
  • Can also be trained as an espalier.
  • Staked and trained as a tree, the plant takes on an umbrella shape.

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