CALATHEA

FAMILY: Marantaceae

TYPE
  • Perennials
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Partial Shade
  • Filtered Light
WATER
  • Regular Water

Plant Details

Native to tropical Americas and Africa. Ornamental leaves, beautifully marked in shades of green, white, and pink, arranged in basal tufts. Flowers of most are inconspicuous. Need high humidity and warm air (not under 55F). Succeed outdoors in south Florida; elsewhere, they are greenhouse or indoor plants that can be brought outdoors in summer. Need porous soil, perfect drainage, frequent misting in dry air. Repot as often as necessary to avoid root-bound condition. Calatheas are often mistakenly called marantas.

eternal flame

RATTLESNAKE PLANT

calathea crocata

  • Zones TS; USDA 10-11.
  • Grows to 10 inches high, 1 feet wide.
  • Leaves to 6 inches long, 1112 inches wide, dark green above, purple beneath.
  • Spikes 2 inches long, consisting of bright orange flower bracts that look like little torches.
  • Clump has several shoots; each shoot dies after blooming, but new ones appear to keep up the show.
  • Variable performance as houseplant; subject to mites in low humidity.
  • Does better in greenhouse.

peacock plant

calathea lancifolia(Calathea insignis)

  • Zones CS, TS; USDA 9-11; To 112212 feet tall, 2 feet wide.
  • Narrow, wavy-edged, 1- to 112 feet leaves are yellow-green banded with deep olive green.

calathea louisae

  • Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11; To 3 feet tall, 112 feet wide.
  • Foot-long dark green leaves heavily feathered with gray-green along midrib.
  • Can be used as a ground cover, but may die back to ground in winter in Lower South.

calathea majestica(Calathea ornata)

  • Zones TS; USDA 10-11.
  • Sturdy plant can reach 6 feet tall and 3 feet wide.
  • Leaves 23 feet long, rich green above, purplish red beneath.
  • Juvenile leaves usually pink striped between veins; intermediate foliage striped white.
  • Roseolineata has pink and white stripes at an angle to midrib.

calathea makoyana

  • Zones TS; USDA 10-11.
  • Showy plant to 24 feet high and wide.
  • Leaves have areas of olive green or cream above, pink blotches beneath.
  • Silver featherings on rest of upper surface, corresponding cream-colored areas underneath.

zebra plant

calathea zebrina

  • Zones TS; USDA 10-11.
  • Compact plant to 13 feet high, 12 feet wide.
  • Elliptic leaves reach 12 feet long, almost half as wide.
  • Upper surfaces are velvety green with alternating bars of pale yellow green and olive green extending outward from midrib; undersides are purplish red.

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