Graceful, arching shrubs grown for showy fruit. Small lilac or pink flowers in summer are followed by tight clusters of little, round violet-to-purple fruits that last into winter. Effective in woodland gardens or massed in borders. Bloom and fruit occur on current season's growth, so prune in late winter: Remove a third of oldest stems, or lop whole plant low to ground. Plants may freeze to ground in Upper South, but they come back from roots.
C. americana. AMERICAN BEAUTYBERRY, FRENCH MULBERRY. Zones US, MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 6-11. Native to eastern U.S. To 6 ft. tall, 5 ft. wide. Large, coarse leaves to 6 in. long. Big clusters of magenta fruits. 'Bok Tower' has white fruits; those of 'Welch's Pink' are bright pink.
C. bodinieri. BODINIER BEAUTYBERRY. Native to China. Grows to 6 ft. or more and nearly as wide, with willowlike leaves that turn pink or orange to purple in fall. 'Profusion' is a heavy bearer.
C. dichotoma. PURPLE BEAUTYBERRY. Native to China, Korea, Japan. The best, most refined-looking species for the home garden. About 4 ft. tall and slightly wider, with slender branches that sweep the ground. Resembles a smaller, finer-textured C. bodinieri. 'Issai' bears abundant purple fruits; 'Early Amethyst' ripens its bright purple berries earlier than the species and other selections. C. d. albifructa has white fruit.
C. japonica. JAPANESE BEAUTYBERRY. Native to China, Taiwan, Japan. To 5 ft. tall and wide, with deep reddish purple fall foliage. Becomes open and unkempt without yearly pruning. 'Leucocarpa' bears white fruits.