Baneberry, Bugbane

FAMILY: Ranunculaceae | GENUS: ACTAEA

TYPE
  • Perennials
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Partial Shade
  • Full Shade
WATER
  • Regular Water
SPECIAL FEATURES
  • Poisonous/Toxic

Plant Details

Very desirable woodland plants native to the eastern U.S. and grown chiefly for their showy flowers and berries. To thrive, these plants need moist, rich, acid, well-drained, woodsy soil and cool roots. In the South, Actaea pachypoda and Actaea rubra do best in the mountainous regions of West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina, and Tennessee. The genus Cimicifuga has recently been incorporated into spring-flowering Actaea, expanding the range of the group into warmer regions and including midsummer and fall bloomers.

japanese bugbane

actaea japonica (Cimicifuga japonica)

  • Zones US, MS, LS; USDA 6-8.
  • Native to Japan.
  • White autumn flowers on purplish black, leafless stalks.
  • In bloom, plant is 34 feet tall, 2 feet wide.
  • Variety Actaea j.
  • acerina has white flowers opening from pink buds.

actaea pachypoda(Actaea alba)

  • WHITE BANEBERRY, DOLL'S EYES.
  • Zones US, MS; USDA 6-7.
  • Plant produces showy, 14 inches berries that are white with a dark spot at the tip; berry stalks are swollen and red.
  • Misty Blue is named for its delicate, blue-green foliage.

BLACK SNAKEROOT, COHOSH BUGBANE

actaea racemosa(C. racemosa)

  • Zones US, MS, LS; USDA 6-8.
  • Native to eastern North America.
  • Leafy clump to 34 feet tall, 3 feet wide.
  • Flowering stalks are typically branched and carry dense spikes of white flowers that increase plant height to 7 feet Blooms between midsummer and early fall.

red baneberry

actaea rubra

  • Zone US; USDA 6.
  • Similar to Actaea pachypoda, but berries are scarlet, somewhat larger, and borne on slender stems.

KAMCHATKA BUGBANE

actaea simplex(C. simplex)

  • Zones US, MS, LS; USDA 6-8.
  • Native to Siberia and Japan.
  • Foliage clump to 2 feet tall and wide, with 3- to 4 feet flower stalks in fall.
  • Atropurpurea has purplish leaves and pink-tinted flower buds on 5 feet stems.
  • Brunette and 'Hillside Black Beauty' have even darker foliage and pinkish flowers.
  • Black Negligee has dark purple, finely cut leaves and white flowers tinged with purple.
  • Prichards Giant' (C.
  • ramosa) has foliage clumps to 4 feet tall and wide; erect stems to 7 feet high carry foot-long, narrow spikes of white flowers.

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