ALPINIA

FAMILY: Zingiberaceae

TYPE
  • Perennials
SUN EXPOSURE
  • Partial Shade
WATER
  • Ample Water

Plant Details

These tropical beauties grow from rhizomes that produce leafy clumps. Plants are evergreen in the Tropical South, but they are root hardy to about 15F. They often need to settle in for 2 years after planting before they start to bloom; the clusters of - to 2 inches blossoms typically appear in summer. Give moist, fertile, well- drained soil and a wind-sheltered location. Most form clumps half to fully as wide as they are tall. Each year, cut back to the ground all canes that have finished flowering.

pinstripe ginger

VARIEGATED GINGER

alpinia formosana

  • Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11.
  • Frost tolerant (to 10F) species from Taiwan, southern Japan.
  • To 45 feet high.
  • Green leaves have white veins.
  • Small, creamy white flowers are marked with red and yellow.

dwarf ginger

alpinia hainanensis(Alpinia henryi, Alpinia katsumadai)

  • Zones LS, CS.
  • TS; USDA 8-11.
  • From China, growing 49 feet tall.
  • Cream to yellow blossoms marked with dark red lines give off a honeylike perfume in spring.
  • Performs well as a houseplant.
  • Pink Perfection has pink flowers.

alpinia pumila

  • Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11.
  • From China.
  • Silver stripes on dark green leaves make this shade-loving ground cover look more like a calathea than a ginger.
  • Spreads slowly with leaves 6 inches long and 3 inches wide.
  • Although red, the 1 inches spike of flowers is subtle.

red ginger

alpinia purpurata

  • Zone TS; USDA 10-11.
  • To 912 feet tall, 23 feet wide.
  • Brilliant inflorescences of red bracts and small white flowers.

alpinia vittata(Alpinia sanderae)

  • Zone TS; USDA 10-11.
  • Native to Solomon Islands.
  • To 34 feet tall, with white-striped leaves.
  • Rarely blooms.
  • A good container plant.

SHELL GINGER

alpinia zerumbet(Alpinia nutans, Alpinia speciosa)

  • Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11.
  • Native to Polynesia and tropical Asia.
  • Grandest of gingers, best all-year appearance.
  • To 89 feet tall.
  • Shiny leaves with distinct parallel veins; maroon leafstalks at maturity.
  • Waxy white or pinkish, shell-like, fragrant flowers marked red, purple, or brown in pendent clusters on arching stems.
  • Variegata has green leaves with yellow bands.

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